Casino Cage Questionnaire Scoring Methods

The CAGE questionnairethe name of which is an acronym of its four questions, is a widely used screening test for problem drinking and potential alcohol problems. The questionnaire takes less than one minute to administer, [1] and is often used in primary care or other Casino Cage Questionnaire Scoring Methods settings as a quick screening tool rather than as an in-depth interview for those who have alcoholism. The CAGE questionnaire Capping Casino Enjoy Chile not have a specific intended population, and is meant to find those who drink excessively and need treatment.

The CAGE questionnaire is reliable and valid for assessment of alcohol abuse; however, it is not valid for diagnosis of other substance use disorders, although somewhat modified versions of the CAGE questionnaire have been frequently implemented for such a purpose. Two "yes" responses indicate that the possibility of alcoholism should be investigated further. The CAGE questionnaire, among other methods, has been extensively validated for use in identifying alcoholism.

The CAGE questionnaire was developed in at North Carolina Memorial Hospital to combat the paucity of screening measures to detect problem drinking behaviors. The original study, conducted in a general hospital population where patients were randomly selected to partake in an in-depth interview, successfully isolated four questions that make up the questionnaire today due to their ability to detect the sixteen alcoholics from the rest of the patients. Reliability refers to whether the scores are reproducible.

Not all of the different types of reliability apply to the way that the CAGE is typically used. Internal consistency whether all of the items measure the same construct is not usually reported in studies of the CAGE; nor is inter-rater reliability which would measure how similar peoples' responses were if the interviews were repeated again, or different raters listened to the same interview.

Validity describes the evidence that an assessment tool measures what it was supposed to measure. There are many different ways of checking validity. For screening measures such as the CAGE, diagnostic accuracy and discriminative validity are probably the most useful ways of looking at validity. The CAGE is designed as a self-report questionnaire. It is obvious to the person what the questions are about. Because talking about drinking behavior can be uncomfortable or stigmatized, people's responses may be subject to social desirability bias.

The honesty and accuracy of responses may improve if the person trusts the person doing the interview or interpreting the score. Responses also may be more honest when the form is completed online, on a computer, or in other anonymous formats. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 September Assessments in Occupational Therapy Mental Health: An Integrative Approach 2nd Edition. Educational and Psychological Measurement.

American Journal of Epidemiology.

Archives of Internal Medicine. A Guide to Assessments that Work. History Philosophy Portal Psychologist. Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case study Content analysis Experiments Human subject research Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Qualitative research Quantitative research Self-report inventory Statistical surveys.

Delirium Post-concussion syndrome Organic brain syndrome. Psychoactive substances, substance abusedrug abuse and substance-related disorders. Schizophreniaschizotypal and delusional. Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder Brief reactive psychosis.

Disorganized hebephrenic schizophrenia Paranoid schizophrenia Simple-type schizophrenia Childhood schizophrenia Pseudoneurotic schizophrenia. Neuroticstress -related and somatoform. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood.

[Know Diggity]: The CAGE questionnaire

Dissociative identity disorder Psychogenic amnesia Fugue state Depersonalization disorder. Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis. Adult personality and behavior. Sexual maturation disorder Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Sexual relationship disorder Paraphilia Voyeurism Fetishism. Personality disorder Impulse control disorder Kleptomania Trichotillomania Pyromania Dermatillomania Factitious disorder Munchausen syndrome. Disorders typically diagnosed in childhood.

X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome. Retrieved from " https: Drinking culture Psychiatric assessment Psychological testing Psychological tools Clinical psychology tests Psychiatric instruments: Articles needing more detailed references Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November Views Read Edit View history.

This page was last edited on 26 Septemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Inter-rater reliability studies examine whether people's responses are scored the same by different raters, or whether people disclose the same information to different interviewers.

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  • CAGE Substance Abuse Screening Tool. Directions: Ask your patients these four questions and use the scoring method described below to determine if substance abuse exists and needs to be addressed. CAGE Questions. 1. Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking? 2. Have people annoyed you by  Missing: casino.

These may not have been done yet with the CAGE; however, other research has shown that interviewer characteristics can change people's tendencies to disclose information about sensitive or stigmatized behaviors, such as alcohol or drug use. Retest reliability studies help measure whether things behave more as a state or trait; they are rarely done with screening measures.

Repeatability studies would examine whether scores tend to shift over time; these are rarely done with screening tests. Multiple studies show screening and predictive value across a range of age groups and samples [8]. Studies not usually reporting AUC s, but combined sensitivity and specificity often excellent. A 5-item questionnaire that was originally developed for pregnant women at risk for drinking problems.

A item scale designed to assess lifetime symptoms of alcoholism with a focus on late-stage symptoms. Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test.

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A second shortened version of the MAST that does not include questions pertaining physical symptoms of drinking. A item questionnaire similar to the MAST that distinguishes between current and past symptoms. A item scale developed specifically to assess the degree of an adolescent age individual's drinking problem. Schizophreniaschizotypal and delusional Psychosis and schizophrenia-like disorders Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder Brief reactive psychosis.

Neuroticstress -related and somatoform Anxiety disorder Phobia Agoraphobia Social anxiety Social phobia Anthropophobia Specific phobia Claustrophobia Specific social phobia.

Adult personality and behavior Gender dysphoria Sexual maturation disorder Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Sexual relationship disorder Paraphilia Voyeurism Fetishism. Disorders typically diagnosed in childhood Intellectual disability X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome.

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  1. CAGE Questionnaire. Ewing, J. ; Ewing, J. & Rouse, B. A. Description of Measure. Purpose. To quickly screen for problem drinking. Conceptual 2 minutes. Administration Method. Interviewer-administered. Training. Minimal. Scoring. Score Types. Yes responses are coded 1; No responses are coded nguyensan.meg: casino.:
    Reliability refers to whether the scores are reproducible. Not all of the different types of reliability apply to the way that the CAGE is typically used. Internal consistency (whether all of the items measure the same construct) is not usually reported in studies of the CAGE; nor is inter-rater reliability (which would measure how  Missing: casino. This document provides the rules that must be followed when conducting and managing a limited casino in British Columbia. These Standard Procedures are a condition of the gaming event licence and apply to the gaming event licensee, and all gaming services providers, volunteers and hired staff. Responsible for the safe and efficient operation of the Casino Cage, Main Bank and Vault and to guest and employee concerns and questions. Responsible for ensuring entry of all EGD payouts into the computerized EGD accounting system. • Ensures the Kiosks are dropped and balanced at least one time each day.
  2. To test this association, we assessed pathological gambling (DSM-IV-TR criteria and SOGS scale) among 73 patients hospitalized in cardiology for CHD and 61 in-patients from the same department Materials and Methods Scores at the CAGE, Fagerström, GHQ, and Zuckerman questionnaires were also equal.:
    caffeine, CAGE questionnaire, CALM Tools for Living, caloric restriction, 18 CAM (Confusion Assessment Method), – Campral (acamprosate), cancer, alcohol abuse and, sleep disorders and, cannabis, Caplan, Gerald, 41 anxiety, caregivers, Comprehensive Mental Health. See Cut Down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-Opener Tool, Adjusted to Include Drugs (CAGE-AID) CAGE questionnaire, – Calcium balance, caffeine on, and Substance Abuse Counselor certification (CASAC) Casein kinase 1 epsilon gene (Csnk1e), Case Presentation Method (CPM), Casino gambling. This document contains answers to questions frequently asked by gaming licensees with regard to the . As indicated in “Note 1” preceding Cage and Credit MICS #34, a wagering account is established when a wagering systems that process data and provide casino operators with appropriate reports.
  3. Q: How will I be notified if I'm approved or denied for casino credit? A: Simply mark the application with the method by which you wish to be notified. Q: Now that I've been approved, what happens next? A: Once approved, you will need to go to the property Cashier's Cage for ID verification, then you will be able to access.:
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History Philosophy Portal Psychologist. Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case study Content analysis Experiments Human subject research Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Qualitative research Quantitative research Self-report inventory Statistical surveys.

Delirium Post-concussion syndrome Organic brain syndrome. Psychoactive substances, substance abuse , drug abuse and substance-related disorders. Schizophrenia , schizotypal and delusional. Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder Brief reactive psychosis. Disorganized hebephrenic schizophrenia Paranoid schizophrenia Simple-type schizophrenia Childhood schizophrenia Pseudoneurotic schizophrenia.

Neurotic , stress -related and somatoform. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Dissociative identity disorder Psychogenic amnesia Fugue state Depersonalization disorder.

Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis. Adult personality and behavior. Sexual maturation disorder Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Sexual relationship disorder Paraphilia Voyeurism Fetishism. Personality disorder Impulse control disorder Kleptomania Trichotillomania Pyromania Dermatillomania Factitious disorder Munchausen syndrome. Disorders typically diagnosed in childhood. X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome. Retrieved from " https: Drinking culture Psychiatric assessment Psychological testing Psychological tools Clinical psychology tests Psychiatric instruments: Articles needing more detailed references Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November Views Read Edit View history.

This page was last edited on 26 September , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Inter-rater reliability studies examine whether people's responses are scored the same by different raters, or whether people disclose the same information to different interviewers.

These may not have been done yet with the CAGE; however, other research has shown that interviewer characteristics can change people's tendencies to disclose information about sensitive or stigmatized behaviors, such as alcohol or drug use. Retest reliability studies help measure whether things behave more as a state or trait; they are rarely done with screening measures. Repeatability studies would examine whether scores tend to shift over time; these are rarely done with screening tests.

Multiple studies show screening and predictive value across a range of age groups and samples [8]. Studies not usually reporting AUC s, but combined sensitivity and specificity often excellent.

A 5-item questionnaire that was originally developed for pregnant women at risk for drinking problems. A item scale designed to assess lifetime symptoms of alcoholism with a focus on late-stage symptoms.

Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. A second shortened version of the MAST that does not include questions pertaining physical symptoms of drinking. Interpretation of our results is limited by the small number of patients included. This observation needs to be confirmed in a larger population. In spite of all its limitations, our study suggests an association between pathological gambling and CHD 9. Physiopathological hypothesis can be suggested to explain this association.

Previous studies in gamblers reported increases in heart rate Meyer et al. PGs also present higher level of anxiety Grant and Potenza, Other confounding risk factors such as tobacco use, lipid status, and hypertension may explain the association between gambling and CHD.

From another point of view, we did not find different levels of sensation-seeking in gamblers with or without CHD. No study, however, showed that a high level of sensation-seeking is associated with an increased risk of CHD.

The question of sensation-seeking in-patients with pathological gambling is also controversial, especially in French studies which did not find higher levels of sensation-seeking among PGs Allcock and Grace, ; Coventry and Brown, ; Bonnaire et al. Association between high level of sensation-seeking and pathological gambling is still more controversial in older patients like those included in our study mean age: In clinical practice, our observation may incite to more systematically check the cardiac state of PGs and to be more vigilant to their risk of CHD especially when they smoke or present a high level of stress.

These results also support assessing gambling behavior among CHD patients. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

The study was reviewed and approved by the institutional review board of the department. All patients participated voluntarily in the study and provided written informed consent. To ensure confidentiality, all identifying data were removed and all records were kept locked.

Pathological gamblers are neither impulsive nor sensation-seekers. Pubmed Abstract Pubmed Full Text. Sensation seeking in a French population of pathological gamblers: Sensation seeking, gambling and gambling addictions.

The relationship between pathological gambling and sensation seeking: Male gamblers have significantly greater salivary cortisol before and after betting on horse race than do female gamblers. Psychiatric illness in general practice. A detailed study using a new method of case identification. Escitalopram treatment of pathological gambling with co-occurring anxiety: Gambling in primary care patients: Impulse control disorders and depression. Study of impulse control disorders among alcohol-dependent patients.

The South Oaks Gambling Screen: Casino gambling increases heart rate and salivary cortisol in regular gamblers. Health problems and medical utilization associated with gambling disorders: Disulfiram, an old drug with new potential in the treatment of pathological gambling? Cigarette smoking is associated with increased severity of gambling problems in treatment-seeking gamblers. Gambling level and psychiatric and medical disorders in older adults: Pathological gambling a psychobiological study.

Personality traits and disorders in pathological gamblers versus normal controls. Psychiatric disorders among patients admitted to a French medical emergency service. Gambling, drinking, smoking and other health risk activities among casino employees.

Type A behaviour pattern: A Biopsychosocial Model, ed M. American Psychological Association , — This is an open-access article subject to an exclusive license agreement between the authors and Frontiers Media SA, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited. There is no supplementary material currently available for this article.

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Controls 61 patients were recruited at the same time in the same department of cardiology among patients who did not present CHD. Thirty were hospitalized for heart failure not induced by a CHD, 16 for valvulopathy, and 15 for severe hypertension. Seventeen patients refused the assessment nine in the CHD group and eight in the control group.

We did not pre-select a population of patients, either for the CHD or the control group. Data were collected between February and June from direct interviews. Before beginning the study, we tested the validity and the reliability of the questionnaire in 20 subjects. All parts of the questionnaire consisted of standardized scales previously validated Saliou et al.

The South Oaks Gambling Screen SOGS evaluated gambling behavior Lesieur and Blume, with 20 items on lifetime gambling and allowed for classification as non-gambler or recreational gambler, problem gambler or probable PG.

We checked in addition the DSM-IV-R criteria for pathological gambling with a standardized interview previously used and validated Lejoyeux et al. Patients were asked about their frequency of gambling in the last year and about the amount of money spent on gambling during their all life. We used a standardized questionnaire assessing the amount of money spent in gambling during all life Lejoyeux et al.

All subjects answered the Cut — Annoyed, Guilty — Eye opener CAGE questionnaire on alcohol consumption Ewing, and another questionnaire on the number of drinks of alcoholic beverage taken each day, the number of days per week in which drinking had occurred during the last month.

A drink was defined as the amount of alcohol found in ml of beer, ml of wine, or 25 ml of whisky. Anxiety and depression were assessed with the General Health Questionnaire Goldberg and Blackwell, Finally, patients filled in a French version of the Zuckerman Sensation-seeking scale Zuckerman, For all parameters we compared patients with or without CHD.

Statistical significance was determined at the 0. Mean age was equivalent in the two groups: We found six cases of pathological gambling 8. No patient with pathological gambling received a treatment for gambling and none of the gamblers was treated with psychotropic drugs Table 1.

Pathological and problem gambling among patients hospitalized in cardiology for a coronary heart disease CHD. Interpretation of our results is limited by the small number of patients included. This observation needs to be confirmed in a larger population. In spite of all its limitations, our study suggests an association between pathological gambling and CHD 9. Physiopathological hypothesis can be suggested to explain this association.

Previous studies in gamblers reported increases in heart rate Meyer et al. PGs also present higher level of anxiety Grant and Potenza, Other confounding risk factors such as tobacco use, lipid status, and hypertension may explain the association between gambling and CHD. From another point of view, we did not find different levels of sensation-seeking in gamblers with or without CHD. No study, however, showed that a high level of sensation-seeking is associated with an increased risk of CHD.

The question of sensation-seeking in-patients with pathological gambling is also controversial, especially in French studies which did not find higher levels of sensation-seeking among PGs Allcock and Grace, ; Coventry and Brown, ; Bonnaire et al. Association between high level of sensation-seeking and pathological gambling is still more controversial in older patients like those included in our study mean age: In clinical practice, our observation may incite to more systematically check the cardiac state of PGs and to be more vigilant to their risk of CHD especially when they smoke or present a high level of stress.

These results also support assessing gambling behavior among CHD patients. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

The study was reviewed and approved by the institutional review board of the department. All patients participated voluntarily in the study and provided written informed consent. To ensure confidentiality, all identifying data were removed and all records were kept locked.

Pathological gamblers are neither impulsive nor sensation-seekers. Pubmed Abstract Pubmed Full Text. Sensation seeking in a French population of pathological gamblers: Sensation seeking, gambling and gambling addictions.

The relationship between pathological gambling and sensation seeking: Male gamblers have significantly greater salivary cortisol before and after betting on horse race than do female gamblers. Psychiatric illness in general practice. A detailed study using a new method of case identification. Not all of the different types of reliability apply to the way that the CAGE is typically used. Internal consistency whether all of the items measure the same construct is not usually reported in studies of the CAGE; nor is inter-rater reliability which would measure how similar peoples' responses were if the interviews were repeated again, or different raters listened to the same interview.

Validity describes the evidence that an assessment tool measures what it was supposed to measure. There are many different ways of checking validity. For screening measures such as the CAGE, diagnostic accuracy and discriminative validity are probably the most useful ways of looking at validity. The CAGE is designed as a self-report questionnaire.

It is obvious to the person what the questions are about. Because talking about drinking behavior can be uncomfortable or stigmatized, people's responses may be subject to social desirability bias. The honesty and accuracy of responses may improve if the person trusts the person doing the interview or interpreting the score.

Responses also may be more honest when the form is completed online, on a computer, or in other anonymous formats. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 September Assessments in Occupational Therapy Mental Health: An Integrative Approach 2nd Edition. Educational and Psychological Measurement. American Journal of Epidemiology. Archives of Internal Medicine.

A Guide to Assessments that Work. History Philosophy Portal Psychologist. Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case study Content analysis Experiments Human subject research Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Qualitative research Quantitative research Self-report inventory Statistical surveys. Delirium Post-concussion syndrome Organic brain syndrome. Psychoactive substances, substance abuse , drug abuse and substance-related disorders.

Schizophrenia , schizotypal and delusional. Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder Brief reactive psychosis. Disorganized hebephrenic schizophrenia Paranoid schizophrenia Simple-type schizophrenia Childhood schizophrenia Pseudoneurotic schizophrenia. Neurotic , stress -related and somatoform. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood.

Dissociative identity disorder Psychogenic amnesia Fugue state Depersonalization disorder. Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis. Adult personality and behavior. Sexual maturation disorder Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Sexual relationship disorder Paraphilia Voyeurism Fetishism. Personality disorder Impulse control disorder Kleptomania Trichotillomania Pyromania Dermatillomania Factitious disorder Munchausen syndrome.

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