Casino Player Vocabulary Development Strategies

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  1. ADT, theo win, slot occupancy – these are just few terms that are tossed around daily by casino executives, marketing teams and database marketing departments. We get it Player Development: This definition varies widely; it is used to describe the internal department and functionality of casino hosts.:
    The research examines blackjack players' strategies for and beliefs about winning as explained and understood by the gamblers themselves. . Casino blackjack is a somewhat complicated game with its own vocabulary, as many as five types of choices per hand, significant consequences on one's chances of winning. Whether directly teaching vocabulary and word learning strategies, or increasing students' volume of reading, an important research-based principle that applies across the board is to promote a lively interest in words through student expression and participation in a learning community that enjoys playing with words,  Missing: casino. The following is a list of definitions, some useful, some just for fun, that will help you pick up some of the terminology commonly used in your future working environment. Action: Total sum of all wagers. Also refers to gambling activities in general. Bankroll: Amount of money a player comes to the casino with to be used strictly.
  2. Designing Casino Hotels Roger Thomas, Executive Vice President—Design Wynn Design and Development Las Vegas, Nevada In the beginning, the casino was the Instead, we develop our own unique design vocabulary to create drama, mystery, wonder, delight—emotions that you'll remember and tell others about.:
    Eric Meyerhofer, the CEO of Gamblit Gaming, said he envisions a "modern-day arcade for adults in a casino." The California-based company has developed a number of games that could be incorporated, assuming state regulators consent. The games include the vocabulary game "Lucky Words" and the.
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If you're new to gaming or training new employees, please refer to the below glossary of casino marketing terms. This list should help make meetings and casual conversations with casino industry veterans less stressful.

Actual Win The monetary amount the casino actually wins from a player. There can be a large discrepancy from theoretical win Twin if someone hits a jackpot or if there is a savvy table games player. Also known as "casino win. B Bonus Points Points that are not earned but rather awarded based on a promotion or event.

Casino Win The monetary amount the casino actually wins from a player. Also known as "actual win. Carded coin-in reflects only coin-in generated using a players club card. Core Program Regular monthly life-cycle program.

Acquisition, Loyalty, Downtrender, Recapture, Birthday, etc. Criteria The selected parameters that need to be met to receive an offer or enter a tier or segment. D Database All player data collected through the player's club, including gaming data, demographics, preferences, etc.

Demographics Characteristics such as annual income, age, sex, distance to the casino, etc. Direct Mail Mail programs in which offers are targeted to guests based on specific, pre-selected criteria with a specific marketing goal acquisition, retention, reactivation, etc.

Can include email as well. This can be attributed to a loss in frequency or spend. F Frequency How frequently often a player visits and has activity. Trips in a distinct time period can also define this. G Goal The purpose toward which an endeavor is directed. H Hold The amount the game or group of games made for the organization. This is based on game type, skill level, odds and system settings. K Key Metrics Identified areas of measurement that are considered high priority in analyzing operational performance.

M Marketing Everything involved in the movement or sale of goods. Marketing Mix The percentages and dollars budgeted to each sub department in the overall marketing department. Market Share The amount of Guests that patronize our casino vs. Modeling Identifying particular demographics that model a particular behavior such as gaming characteristics. Used primarily in determining acquisition efforts. Multimedia glossary example of camouflage using a PowerPoint template.

The model elaborates word knowledge in context and illustrates how design influences the message. To provide a structure to guide students in creating their own entries, Bridget created a template that students could fill in and adapt. The template includes a space for the word, a short definition, an explanation for why the word is important, a graphic, an audio recording or sound, and a source.

As students create and revise their entries, they reflect on the word's meaning What does this mean? Another approach to compiling students' individual work is to teach them how to hyperlink their slides so that a view of one version of a word includes hyperlinks to others' versions of that word. Although this example uses PowerPoint as the media format, these types of vocabulary collections can be created in different modes and published online as a word wiki or word blog.

There really is no end to the creative possibilities when students use media to develop and celebrate the wonder of words. Many online word reference tools are also excellent teaching resources. For example, the Visual Thesaurus website complements its fee-based content with free information such as the Behind the Dictionary and Teachers at Work columns and teacher-created themed word lists.

Many use multiple distribution platforms to reach learners wherever they are. For example, the Back in School webpage of Dictionary. This section highlights two online tools that provide just-in-time support while reading. Students can develop their strategic learning repertoire as they customize their own collection of supports. Whether avid or reluctant reader, we all encounter unfamiliar words in our reading and need strategies for what to do when this occurs.

Rather than using print dictionaries or asking the teacher, students can learn to use online dictionaries and thesauri. Many of these Internet-based tools are free they vary in difficulty, so try out different applications to determine the best fit for your students.

Some word reference tools can be mounted on the browser toolbar, allowing you to right click on any word to look it up and have a brief definition display. More comprehensive dictionaries can be bookmarked for easy access while reading on the computer. The increasingly popular e-book readers, which are becoming more common in schools and homes, usually provide dictionary help in the form of audio pronunciations of the word and brief definitions.

American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Merriam-Webster offers an online visual dictionary visual. Be on the alert for educational sites that offer specialized picture glossaries, such as NASA's online space picture dictionary. These sites can be added to your browser favorites. And, finally, it is important to teach students to notice and strategically use the vocabulary help that is offered on various sites, such as the word wizard that pops up when students are reading Scholastic News Online.

Successful ELs leverage first-language knowledge to develop their English Adesope et al. Online dictionaries often support multiple languages e.

Kids dictionary supports 90 languages , and EL students should be taught to look for this option. Another resource is the language translator. The value of a translator is that it supports learning words as they occur naturally in authentic text and allows students to view bilingual versions of a text side by side so that they can use their first-language knowledge to develop their English vocabulary.

You can paste text into the translator field, select the input and output languages, and view the translation see Babelfish , Google translator , and Bing Translator. You may also download a toolbar extension that translates any webpage automatically. Although these tools are not perfect and may never be, given the nuances involved in translation , they are a good place to start for ELs. In fact, students often find the translator's mistakes both humorous and an entry point for discussing the nuances of word meanings.

Reading widely and deeply is important for vocabulary development and reading comprehension. Class libraries, read-alouds, book clubs, and independent reading time during the school day can increase the amount and variety of student reading. However, it is challenging to find the resources and time required to provide up-to-date material, to be responsive to students' interests, and to accommodate readers at different reading levels.

Teachers can dramatically expand text options for students by including reading on the Internet and other digital texts. A high percentage of students already use the Internet for homework; we can extend their learning and exploration of words in context as they read and view varied text genres on the Internet, or read texts downloaded onto a class computer, an e-book reading device, or a smartphone. Increasing the reading of informational text is especially important for learning in the content areas, and informational content reigns supreme on the Internet.

To use current events as one example, the currency of information and use of media to communicate the news is unparalleled. To begin, we recommend bookmarking quality sites that students read on a regular basis. Many educational publishers and organizations provide free online content, including articles and media about current events, some of which are generated by students themselves.

A few of our favorites include the following:. A recent visit to some of our favorite sites included articles about the top stories in the news, a student blog about animal myths featured in the animated film Fantastic Mr.

Fox, and an explanat ion of threesided snowflakes. The texts include graphics, video, and sound, along with written text, providing many ways of engaging with the content. Students can rotate taking on the role of Internet news repor ter, scanning bookmarked sites for interesting news to share with the class or post to a class blog.

Students can also pursue individual interests as they read digital text during sustained silent reading. A second example is based on literature students read in the classroom, generating interest in more reading by developing intertextual connections Hartman, Using a digital poster or PowerPoint screen to show a splash of book cover images and screen captures of websites, movie trailers, and blogs invites students to pursue their interests in particular authors, books, genres, popular culture, and media.

For example, a screen displaying a book that the class is reading, such as Kate DiCamillo's The Tale of Despereaux, links to several screens, one featuring her website and online interviews, another to a site with video clips from The Tale of Despereaux movie, and still another highlighting other fantasy books and comics.

The splash screens can be printed out to build a wall mural that students expand as they continue reading. These examples highlight the value of teachers previewing Internet content. However, students will also need support in learning how to search and find their own reading materials on the Internet. This will necessitate teaching Internet safety, something that is now required to obtain E-Rate funding Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act, , as well as strategies for searching and evaluating Internet content Henry, A common concern among educators is the readability of websites and Internet content.

One powerful strategy is to allow students to listen to text with a text-to-speech TTS tool or, when available, listen to audio narration. This provides students with access to age-appropriate content and grade-level curriculum, a right mandated by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of Fortunately, there are free TTS tools that can be mounted on the browser toolbar for easy access while reading, such as Click, Speak for Firefox click speak.

Some e-book readers such as Microsoft Reader are free to download and can be used with public domain content that is part of their e-book library. To explore strategies for listening to text, check out the Learning Through Listening website.

Johnson also offered suggestions for using audiobooks in the classroom in her Reading Online article, "Audiobooks: Many of these eVoc strategies use Web 2. They also tap into students' natural desire to create, to participate in communities, and to develop strategic competence. Recent reports on students' digital literacies highlight the importance of this kind of learning Ito et al. This final eVoc strategy is a free online vocabulary game, Free Rice that has attracted millions of users, young and old.

We believe it offers an opportunity to promote students' engagement with words while contributing to the social good. Free Rice presents a word and four answer choices on the screen. For each correct answer, the United Nations World Food Programme donates 10 grains of rice to countries in need.

The game adjusts its difficulty level based on the response, filling a bowl with rice as the player adds to his or her score. As a class activity, the teacher could project the website on screen and guide students in playing the game for 5 minutes daily, discussing choices e. Does the root word give us a clue we can use? Students can play individually or with a partner, reporting back to class on their rice earnings and sharing intriguing new words. In closing, we invite you to go digital with word learning.

These 10 eVoc strategies use technology to support the wide reading, direct instruction, active learning, and interest in words that we know are essential to vocabulary development. In a digital world, knowing how to use the tools and resources available online is part of becoming a strategic learner.

We hope that this list provides a useful and evocative jumpingoff point for integrating technology and media into your students' vocabulary learning experience. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the cognitive correlates of bilingualism. Review of Educational Research, 80 2 , What reading teachers say about vocabulary instruction. The Reading Teacher, 62 4 , A vision for action and research in middle and high school literacy 2nd ed. Retrieved October 21, , from www.

An effective method for building meaning vocabulary in primary grades. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98 1 , Virtual field trips for content vocabulary development. The Reading Teacher, 59 3 , Instruction of metacognitive strategies enhances reading comprehension and vocabulary achievement of third-grade students. The Reading Teacher, 61 1 , The classic study on poor children's fourth-grade slump. American Educator, 27 1 , , What reading does for the mind.

American Educator, 22 , Integrating strategy instruction in a universally designed digital literacy environment. Theories, interventions, and technologies pp. Some thoughts about webquests. Retrieved September 20, , f rom webques t. Text-to-speech software for reading. Perspectives, 33 3 , Multimodal learning through media: What the research says.

Understanding the language demands of schooling: Nouns in academic registers. Journal of Literacy Research, 38 3 , For the love of words: Fostering word consciousness in young readers.

The Reading Teacher, 62 3 , Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children. The text, the reader, the author, and the context. Linguistics and Education, 4 , The critical role of new literacies while reading on the Internet. The Reading Teacher, 59 7 , Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of Retrieved January 23, , from frwebgate.

New literacies and 21st-century technologies Position statement. Retrieved September 20, , from www. Hanging out, messing around, and geeking out: Kids living and learning with new media. Reading Research Quarterly, 31 1 , Reading Online, 6 8. Providing powerful literacy tools to Spanish-speaking students.

Promoting success for all students. Balancing words and learning. Educational Perspectives, 23 1 , National Education Technology Plan. Learning powered by technology.

Report of the National Reading Panel. Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction NIH Publication No.

Effects of student participation in authoring of multimedia materials on student acquisition of vocabulary. What we know and what we need to learn. Reading Research Quarterly, 42 2 , Vocabulary development in the science classroom: Using hypermedia authoring to support English learners.

The Tapestry Journal, 1 1 , Scaffolding English language learner s and struggling reader s in a multimedia hypertext environment with embedded strategy instruction and vocabulary support. Journal of Literacy Research, 39 1 , Understanding depth of vocabulary online with bilingual and monolingual children. The effects of computermediated texts on the vocabulary learning and comprehension of intermediate-grade readers.

Journal of Reading Behavior, 22 4 , University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved March 17, , from www. Matthew effects in reading: Some consequences of individual differences in the acquisition of literacy.

Reading Research Quarterly, 21 4 , Internet access in U. Retrieved September 20, , from nces. Video-assisted vocabulary instruction for elementary school students with learning disabilities. Information Technology in Childhood Education Annual, 1 , L1 and L2 glosses: Their effects on incidental vocabulary learning.

Essential practices for content classrooms, grades The Reading Teacher, I would also like to see the questions and websites you mentioned using Trackstar since I am getting ready to try this strategy and some ideas and examples would be very helpful. Great ideas, thank you for sharing.

I will use try some of these ideas with my classes. I'm using my first Wordle today. Having a good vocabulary is more than knowing a large number of words. It is ability to choose words with greater precision and at the appropriate time.

Smart Vocab Challenger is an ultimate language challenge. Check it out and follow Smart Vocab Challenger on Facebook to help improve your vocabulary.

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Recording in memory played cards usually high cards so as to establish a conditional probability advantage on the remaining cards against the dealer. Card Sharp - A person who is an expert at cards. Card Washing - A card shuffling technique where the dealer spreads the cards on the table face down and then proceeds to mix them around with his hands flat in a face-washing-like action before gathering them up and performing a more normal shuffle.

Card washing is intended to remove any consistencies in the sequencing among the cards that new decks of cards have, or that were produced in play prior to the present shuffle. In standard table poker the cards are washed after every hand before they are subjected to a more conventional shuffling. In blackjack and baccarat, the the cards are washed when old decks are taken out of play and fresh new decks brought in to replace them.

Caribbean Stud Poker - Also called 'Casino Stud Poker', A casino table game based on the standard 5-card stud poker game played on a Blackjack-type table. Some casinos also offer a progressive jackpot paid to high ranking hands. This table game is played with one deck of cards. Carousel - A group of slot machines that are positioned in a ring, enabling a change person to change bank-notes into coins to stand in the center. Carpet Joint - US slang for a luxury gambling casino. Case money - Emergency money.

Cashcheck - A feature used by some online casinos software that allows you to review your financial transaction history. Casino - The word "casino" initially meant a public music and dance hall. By the second half of the 19th century casinos developed into a place with gambling halls.

The best example of a casino as a gambling location is Monte Carlo in Monaco. Casino Monte Carlo was opened in and since that time it has been an important source of revenue for the small state of Monaco.

Casino Advantage - The edge that the House casino has over the players. Casino Hold'em Poker - A card game based on Texas Hold'em poker, the difference is that players bet against the house the casino rather than against other players. Casino Rate - A reduced hotel-room rate price that the casinos offer to good customers. Catch - In keno, to catch a number means that a number you have marked on your keno ticket has been drawn. Chase - Having lost money on a bet, 'chasing' is having another bet simply to try and get back the loss.

Check - In casino gambling, a check is another term for a chip. In poker, a player can 'check' in order to stay in the game but not bet. Chemin De Fer - French A table game using 6 or 8 decks of cards, similar to Baccarat but requires skill.

See Chemin de fer on this site. Chip, Chips - Round plastic discs. Casinos require that you use chips for betting. They are purchased at the gaming tables and exchanged at the cashier's booth or cage.

Chips - Round tokens that are used on casino gaming tables in lieu of cash. Coat-tail - Bet the same numbers as someone who is winning at the moment. Cold - A player on a losing streak, or a slot machine that is not paying out. Color Up - When a player exchanges smaller denomination chips for larger denomination chips.

Combination Way Ticket - In keno, a ticket in which groups of numbers are bet several different ways, allowing the player to spread money over more combinations. Comps - Complimentary gifts given by the casino to entice players to gamble. Typical comps include free hotel room, meals and beverages. Copy - In Pai-Gow Poker, when a player and the banker have the same two-card hand, or the same five-card hand. The banker wins all copies. Cracking The Nut - Making enough money on a gambling venture to cover all expenses plus a reasonable net profit.

Craps - Casino dice table-game. Credit - In online casinos, wagers are expressed in credits. Credit Button - In slot machines or video machines, the button that allows players to bank coins in the form of credits.

Crossroader - An old term used to denote a cheat originated in the Old West practice of cheating at saloons located at crossroads. The term is still used today for casino cheats. Croupier - French word for Dealer, used in the games of baccarat and roulette.

Cut - In card games following a shuffle before the start of a new round of play, when the dealer or player divides a deck into two parts and inverts them, using a cut card see below. Cut Card - A faceless card of different color, usually red or black, that is used to cut a deck of cards. D D'Alembert System - A staking plan where one unit is added for a losing bet and one deducted for a winning bet.

Deal - To give out the cards during a card game. Deposit - A payment you make usually to online casinos using a credit card, a web wallet or one of the online payment systems, in order to play casino games for real. Deuce - A two in dice. Dice - Two identical numbered cubes. Dolly - Unlike the French roulette where the croupier simply points with the stick on the winning number on the table, in the American roulette the croupier uses a marker made of wood or plastic and places it on the table in the square of the winning number.

The score marker is called 'dolly' because it has the outline that looks like a doll. Its functionality is primarily to help the players know the winning number until all winnings are paid. Double Or Nothing - An even-money bet. A bet that pays off exactly the amount wagered. Doubling Down - A betting option in blackjack where the player's opening two-card hand is turned face up and player's original wager is doubled.

The player is then dealt one additional card only, to complete the hand. In the event that the player beats the dealer's hand or the dealer busts, then the player wins twice the amount of their original wager. If the player loses, then the player loses twice the amount of their original wager. Doubling-up - The basis of some widely used systems. After a loss the player doubles the size of his previous bet hoping to win back the money lost and make a profit. Casino employee who goes around to empty tables and pretends to be a player in order to get a game going and attract other players.

Activity in which paper currency, charge slips, and bank checks are counted. Employee in charge of scheduling dealers and other personnel. Also refers to an employee who has the power to write out comps for customers.

Common name for tips or gratuities given to dealers and other casino support staff. Small, hidden mirror allowing dealers to see all cards that are dealt. It is a form of casino cheating and is not allowed. Combining several decks of cards before actually shuffling by spreading them out on the game table and randomly mixing them together. Casino that uses such methods as rigged tables and magnetized dice to cheat players. A corrupt gaming establishment. Another name for tips or gratuities, popular with younger dealers and casino workers.

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Total sum of all wagers. Also refers to gambling activities in general. We recommend two sites that offer a variety of activities to engage students in playing with words and word meanings: Vocabulary Games and Vocabulary. Games include crossword puzzles, picture-word matches, word scrambles, and 8 Letters in Search of a Word a game that can draw you in unexpectedly as you race to create as many words as possible from eight letters within the time limit.

The games are supplemented with themed word lists, test preparation items, and activities on prefixes and suffixes. These sites can be bookmarked for students' independent practice and can provide a basis for whole-group instruction.

The previous eVoc strategies all require student interaction, from manipulating a visual word map to taking an online vocabulary field trip. Figure 2 illustrates how students communicate word knowledge as they create a caption for an image.

These types of activities offer students different modes of representation and expression and can be created with a variety of composing tools and formats, such as digital stories, photo essays, podcasts, and so on. Students create captions to illustrate their understanding of contribute. Improving reading comprehension for struggling readers: Understanding the role of vocabulary development, guided strategy use, and Spanish language supports in a digital reading environment.

Final report to the U. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences. A multimedia composing and presentation tool that is often underused is PowerPoint. We have certainly seen many poor PowerPoint examples e. However, we have found that PowerPoint can be used creatively for expression. Working with fifth graders, Bridget first author created an example of a multimedia glossary item for camouflage, a word from the science curriculum see Figure 3.

Multimedia glossary example of camouflage using a PowerPoint template. The model elaborates word knowledge in context and illustrates how design influences the message. To provide a structure to guide students in creating their own entries, Bridget created a template that students could fill in and adapt. The template includes a space for the word, a short definition, an explanation for why the word is important, a graphic, an audio recording or sound, and a source. As students create and revise their entries, they reflect on the word's meaning What does this mean?

Another approach to compiling students' individual work is to teach them how to hyperlink their slides so that a view of one version of a word includes hyperlinks to others' versions of that word. Although this example uses PowerPoint as the media format, these types of vocabulary collections can be created in different modes and published online as a word wiki or word blog.

There really is no end to the creative possibilities when students use media to develop and celebrate the wonder of words. Many online word reference tools are also excellent teaching resources.

For example, the Visual Thesaurus website complements its fee-based content with free information such as the Behind the Dictionary and Teachers at Work columns and teacher-created themed word lists. Many use multiple distribution platforms to reach learners wherever they are. For example, the Back in School webpage of Dictionary. This section highlights two online tools that provide just-in-time support while reading.

Students can develop their strategic learning repertoire as they customize their own collection of supports. Whether avid or reluctant reader, we all encounter unfamiliar words in our reading and need strategies for what to do when this occurs. Rather than using print dictionaries or asking the teacher, students can learn to use online dictionaries and thesauri. Many of these Internet-based tools are free they vary in difficulty, so try out different applications to determine the best fit for your students.

Some word reference tools can be mounted on the browser toolbar, allowing you to right click on any word to look it up and have a brief definition display.

More comprehensive dictionaries can be bookmarked for easy access while reading on the computer. The increasingly popular e-book readers, which are becoming more common in schools and homes, usually provide dictionary help in the form of audio pronunciations of the word and brief definitions. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Merriam-Webster offers an online visual dictionary visual. Be on the alert for educational sites that offer specialized picture glossaries, such as NASA's online space picture dictionary.

These sites can be added to your browser favorites. And, finally, it is important to teach students to notice and strategically use the vocabulary help that is offered on various sites, such as the word wizard that pops up when students are reading Scholastic News Online. Successful ELs leverage first-language knowledge to develop their English Adesope et al. Online dictionaries often support multiple languages e. Kids dictionary supports 90 languages , and EL students should be taught to look for this option.

Another resource is the language translator. The value of a translator is that it supports learning words as they occur naturally in authentic text and allows students to view bilingual versions of a text side by side so that they can use their first-language knowledge to develop their English vocabulary. You can paste text into the translator field, select the input and output languages, and view the translation see Babelfish , Google translator , and Bing Translator.

You may also download a toolbar extension that translates any webpage automatically. Although these tools are not perfect and may never be, given the nuances involved in translation , they are a good place to start for ELs. In fact, students often find the translator's mistakes both humorous and an entry point for discussing the nuances of word meanings.

Reading widely and deeply is important for vocabulary development and reading comprehension. Class libraries, read-alouds, book clubs, and independent reading time during the school day can increase the amount and variety of student reading. However, it is challenging to find the resources and time required to provide up-to-date material, to be responsive to students' interests, and to accommodate readers at different reading levels. Teachers can dramatically expand text options for students by including reading on the Internet and other digital texts.

A high percentage of students already use the Internet for homework; we can extend their learning and exploration of words in context as they read and view varied text genres on the Internet, or read texts downloaded onto a class computer, an e-book reading device, or a smartphone. Increasing the reading of informational text is especially important for learning in the content areas, and informational content reigns supreme on the Internet.

To use current events as one example, the currency of information and use of media to communicate the news is unparalleled. To begin, we recommend bookmarking quality sites that students read on a regular basis. Many educational publishers and organizations provide free online content, including articles and media about current events, some of which are generated by students themselves. A few of our favorites include the following:. A recent visit to some of our favorite sites included articles about the top stories in the news, a student blog about animal myths featured in the animated film Fantastic Mr.

Fox, and an explanat ion of threesided snowflakes. The texts include graphics, video, and sound, along with written text, providing many ways of engaging with the content.

Students can rotate taking on the role of Internet news repor ter, scanning bookmarked sites for interesting news to share with the class or post to a class blog. Students can also pursue individual interests as they read digital text during sustained silent reading. A second example is based on literature students read in the classroom, generating interest in more reading by developing intertextual connections Hartman, Using a digital poster or PowerPoint screen to show a splash of book cover images and screen captures of websites, movie trailers, and blogs invites students to pursue their interests in particular authors, books, genres, popular culture, and media.

For example, a screen displaying a book that the class is reading, such as Kate DiCamillo's The Tale of Despereaux, links to several screens, one featuring her website and online interviews, another to a site with video clips from The Tale of Despereaux movie, and still another highlighting other fantasy books and comics.

The splash screens can be printed out to build a wall mural that students expand as they continue reading. These examples highlight the value of teachers previewing Internet content. However, students will also need support in learning how to search and find their own reading materials on the Internet. This will necessitate teaching Internet safety, something that is now required to obtain E-Rate funding Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act, , as well as strategies for searching and evaluating Internet content Henry, A common concern among educators is the readability of websites and Internet content.

One powerful strategy is to allow students to listen to text with a text-to-speech TTS tool or, when available, listen to audio narration. This provides students with access to age-appropriate content and grade-level curriculum, a right mandated by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of Fortunately, there are free TTS tools that can be mounted on the browser toolbar for easy access while reading, such as Click, Speak for Firefox click speak.

Some e-book readers such as Microsoft Reader are free to download and can be used with public domain content that is part of their e-book library. To explore strategies for listening to text, check out the Learning Through Listening website. Johnson also offered suggestions for using audiobooks in the classroom in her Reading Online article, "Audiobooks: Many of these eVoc strategies use Web 2. They also tap into students' natural desire to create, to participate in communities, and to develop strategic competence.

Recent reports on students' digital literacies highlight the importance of this kind of learning Ito et al. This final eVoc strategy is a free online vocabulary game, Free Rice that has attracted millions of users, young and old.

We believe it offers an opportunity to promote students' engagement with words while contributing to the social good. Free Rice presents a word and four answer choices on the screen. For each correct answer, the United Nations World Food Programme donates 10 grains of rice to countries in need.

The game adjusts its difficulty level based on the response, filling a bowl with rice as the player adds to his or her score. As a class activity, the teacher could project the website on screen and guide students in playing the game for 5 minutes daily, discussing choices e.

Does the root word give us a clue we can use? Students can play individually or with a partner, reporting back to class on their rice earnings and sharing intriguing new words. In closing, we invite you to go digital with word learning. These 10 eVoc strategies use technology to support the wide reading, direct instruction, active learning, and interest in words that we know are essential to vocabulary development.

In a digital world, knowing how to use the tools and resources available online is part of becoming a strategic learner. We hope that this list provides a useful and evocative jumpingoff point for integrating technology and media into your students' vocabulary learning experience.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the cognitive correlates of bilingualism. Review of Educational Research, 80 2 , What reading teachers say about vocabulary instruction. The Reading Teacher, 62 4 , A vision for action and research in middle and high school literacy 2nd ed. Retrieved October 21, , from www. An effective method for building meaning vocabulary in primary grades.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 98 1 , Virtual field trips for content vocabulary development. The Reading Teacher, 59 3 , Instruction of metacognitive strategies enhances reading comprehension and vocabulary achievement of third-grade students. The Reading Teacher, 61 1 , The classic study on poor children's fourth-grade slump.

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