Lottery Scheme Casino Z-line Desk

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Page 1 of 1 Start Over Page 1 of 1. Designing Your Home Office. Sturdy and good looking desk, sure to look good in any room!

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Compare to similar items. This item Z-Line Brisa Desk. Z-Line Designs Cyrus Workstation. Z-Line Nero Desk and Bookcase. Compare with similar items. See questions and answers. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review.

Read reviews that mention. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Update November 18th, Just a quick update on this desk, I'm still enjoying it immensely! It has held up very well through two moves, once long distance with professional movers, the other local with just me and family moving things.

Lottery Scheme Casino Z-line Desk desk was not disassembled either time and I was expecting it to not survive the move well, but there were no problems.

Original Review February 5, The keyboard tray is only large enough to hold a normal keyboard nothing else, the bottom shelf on the "side desk" will hold two PCs, the monitor stand barely holds a single monitor the wood fiberboard shelf is garbage, the welded metal Cs are sturdy and the instructions are detailed and well communicated. Worth the money, I would buy another. The desk arrives broken down to its basic elements, nothing is preassembled, so if you are not looking forward to a bit of construction look elsewhere.

That being said the instructions are detailed and nearly flawless I believe the second step omits which direction two of the piece should be assembled; when I'm near the instructions I'll edit with specifics.

The hardware is broken down into baggies with letters that are referenced in the instructions; I want to meet these people and thank them for the effort on their end to make this an easy assembly. The instructions claimed an exact 55 minutes for assembly, is this a bit of humor in an instruction manual?

While I didn't sit down with a stop watch, it seems a reasonable estimate, though I'd leave a full 2 hours for unpacking, assembly and cleanup. I agree with a few of the other comments, the packaging is exquisite and while the exterior of the box was rather beaten up during shipment everything came through unharmed. Even the glass arrived safe, which by the way is on the bottom, assuming you open the package with the nice picture facing up, and which I was dreading getting to and finding shattered to a million pieces.

There is a plethora of polystyrene foam incorrectly referred to as Styrofoam that stuck to everything; a few pieces had decided to detonate during shipment, which then stuck to every piece of the desk during assembly. There are a few danger stickers attached to the glass. I believe they report possible death and certain dismemberment, though I cannot remember exactly. You will need something on the order of a razor Lottery Scheme Casino Z-line Desk and acetone to take them off.

Possibly a propane torch. I don't know who these people are, though I know they sit up all night giggling, no, cackling, to themselves over how diabolical they are sticking nearly permanent stickers to ever product I buy, but I do hate them with a vengeance. The desk is very sturdy on the ground, but in the air it can be twisted very easily with two people lifting at either of the short ends of the desk. The keyboard tray is large enough for 1 full size keyboard with numpad.

The monitor stand can hold one monitor. The "side desk" bottom shelf can hold two PCs side by side. If you put one monitor on it, it'll sag a wee bit, but will hold.

For me it was disappointing. There is a nice page in the back of the book, which I'll snap a picture of and post, that lists the weight each section will accept. The monitor stand states it holds 50lbs. The welded C brackets can indeed. The fiber board shelf shipped with the desk cannot.

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  3. Lotteries are governed separately by the Lotteries Act of In , the government was clearly receptive to the idea of legalising and regulating online (or interactive, or remote) gambling, which was a fast-growing reality, and the NGA went so far as to mandate the NGB to appoint a committee to look.:
    By making the gambling business legal, the legislators of Ukraine primarily hope to take control of each of the types of gambling, as well as draw the line between lotteries, slot halls, and elite casinos. Secondly, legalization of gambling will allow the state to obtain considerable profit from the activity of gambling houses.
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It sounds stupid, but you may have won the Lottery and you just don't know it. You can have all the clever systems in the world. But if you don't check your numbers, you might as well not enter at all. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline.

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Busty Chloe grapples with her ample assets as her plunging swimsuit pops open during Christmas break in Malta 'Make each other laugh': Ferne McCann looks sombre with daughter In , the government was clearly receptive to the idea of legalising and regulating online or interactive, or remote gambling, which was a fast-growing reality, and the NGA went so far as to mandate the NGB to appoint a committee to look into it.

Bizarrely, the Act has never been promulgated: At first, this unprecedented pause was put down to the responsible department, the Department of Trade and Industry DTI , working on the supporting regulations, but later it became clear that the government was worried about the possible socio-economic impact of making gambling much more accessible.

So the Act was sidelined, creating a hiatus that online casino operators both inside and outside our borders could exploit, claiming that new legislation was just a matter of time. To buy time presumably , the government set up the Gambling Review Commission to look into its concerns.

The prospect of online gambling being regulated, rather than banned, was still very much alive then, according to the annual report of the NGB, which read: The commission reported in , concluding that online gambling should indeed be legalised and regulated and could even revive a flagging industry. Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies launched the report at a press conference where he said his department would not be pressured into introducing forms of gambling that were deemed illegal in South Africa.

He added that the Reserve Bank was monitoring illegal transactions and predicted darkly that gamblers would not receive their winnings. So the report languished, and into the vacuum came a landmark judgment in the Supreme Court of Appeal: Basically, the court upheld a decision of the North Gauteng High Court that interactive gambling was a prohibited activity in terms of the NGA, even if the server delivering the service was situated outside South Africa. Casino Enterprises, which is licensed in Swaziland, had advertised its online casino in Gauteng, prompting the prosecution.

It argued that gambling on the site could not be unlawful under either the NGA or the Gauteng Gambling and Betting Act, because the activity did not take place in South Africa; it took place where the server was located. Clearly, this is a fundamental issue for the industry. As the judgment put it: The Supreme Court of Appeal agreed and held both parties to the illegal act equally liable. The government has since relied on that clarification of the existing law, but failed to enforce it.

The result is a cat-and-mouse game, in which the authorities keep their claws sheathed, while the gambling websites hide in plain sight, trying not to be noticed, or hoping to become such a familiar part of online commerce that they are accepted by default.

Cleverly, the casinos present a united front, so that gamblers are reassured by the obvious presence of an entire industry surrounding and supporting individual sites. Websites such as playcasino.

They offer one-click access to offerings for all technologies and tastes, backed up by reviews, payment information and guides for first-time users. A random sample of the most popular sites put to the test on the website monitoring service Check-Host check-host. The websites even address the legality issue head-on by publishing statements that purport to provide clarity for the confused would-be gambler.

Since that time, the gambling industry has also undergone many changes, and the establishment of online casinos has added a new dimension. These online casinos are highly reputable and offer safe and legal online gambling to customers in South African rands, and we suggest you give them a try. Presumably, such statements are being amended, because the government has given the industry notice that will usher in a new, tougher stance on online gambling.

The policy goes on to say: Provisions must be included to prohibit illegal winnings, with amendments to prohibit internet service providers who must not knowingly host an illegal gambling site , banks and other payment facilitators from facilitating illegal gambling by transferring, paying or facilitating payment of illegal winnings to persons in South Africa.

There will be a clampdown on the advertising and promotion of online gambling, but the focus of the fightback by government will continue to be unlawful winnings. Davies told the media that the Financial Intelligence Centre will work with financial institutions to verify and intercept online winnings. Those who fail to do so may be held criminally liable, and winnings will be deposited in the Unlawful Winnings Trust.

The land-based casinos 38 of them are, by any measure, the heart of the South African gambling industry. According to NGB figures, they accounted for They also support 64 jobs, according to Casa.

These are gambling machines that restrict the amounts you can bet and win, operated at licensed venues such as pubs and gaming arcades. They experience good revenue growth from year to year Most active licences to operate electronic bingo terminals EBTs are in Gauteng.

They are a bone of contention for the casino industry, represented by Casa, which argues that EBTs are no different from casino slot machines, and yet may be operated without the infrastructure or social obligations of a casino.

Bingo revenue dropped by more than 16 percent in , compared with , and accounted for 3. According to the gambling report produced by PricewaterhouseCoopers, betting on horse racing still outstrips all other sports betting in , R1. This is your only legal option if you want to use an online platform to place bets. The legitimacy of this type of gambling rests on the fact that the internet is merely the medium of communication; the outcome of betting is decided elsewhere, in the real rather than the virtual world.

The combined sports and horse racing betting industry grew in revenue terms by almost Lottery ticket sales in the financial year amounted to R4 million, down from R4 million in Buying overseas lottery tickets is illegal, but you can take online bets on the results of certain overseas lotteries, such as the EuroMillions, through the relatively new website Lottostar www.

It has been operating for two years and has paid out R million in winnings, according to spokesperson Maria Pavli. If South Africa has been ambivalent about online gambling, so have many other countries, judging by the variety of solutions around the world. South Africa is not alone in outlawing it — Russia, China, the Netherlands and Switzerland, among many others, do — but other countries restrict it in all sorts of ways.

Australia allows and taxes operators of casino websites, but prohibits their use by its own citizens, while the United States has a federal ban on all gambling including sports betting , but allows the individual states to permit it within their borders as four of the 51 states do.

The United Kingdom has a permissive approach, but was forced to introduce licensing for websites both inside and outside its borders, so that it could claim its share of tax on their profits. Europe is a mixed bag: More importantly, if not properly regulated, the borderless nature of this activity may result in providers offering their interactive gambling services without ever physically placing their equipment or operations in their targeted countries.

These safe havens are driven more by the financial reward of serving as hosts to interactive gambling providers than by being a flourishing market for this type of gambling. This creates challenges for countries whose citizens are lured onto the websites of interactive gambling providers situated or licensed in such safe havens. Realising the burden of carrying the costs of problem gambling while safe havens earn licensing and taxation fees, countries with discernible markets for interactive gambling have had to pronounce their legal position regarding this recreational economic activity.

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Their number has not decreased. For example, law enforcement officials found more than gambling organizations, seized almost , hryvnias of profit from illegal activities only in Kiev in However these amounts are nothing compared to the money that Ukraine has lost over seven years as a result of the law on gambling ban. Arsen Avakov, the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, reported on his Facebook page that, according to his calculations, the state could have obtained about million dollars to its treasury from the moment of gambling ban.

Such losses are connected with the fact that seven years ago lawmakers personally created a loophole in the legistalition for illegal operators. They provided neither definition for lotteries nor mechanisms of their regulation. So, in big cities and small villages you can easily find illegal halls of slot machines, existing under the signs "Lotto" or even "State Lottery.

By the way, the new Law of Ukraine "On State Lotteries" was adopted only three years after the complete prohibition of gambling. Thus, the illegal market of gambling in Ukraine has not disappeared. It exists and seems to be a clear example of the fact that the complete prohibition of this business leads to even worse consequences than its limited existence in the framework of the current legislation. It's no secret that the gambling business is flourishing even taking into account the adoption of the law "On Prohibition of Gambling Business in Ukraine.

Instead, it has just withdrawn into the shadows. Gambling establishments are masked and exist under the sign of lotteries, since this kind of business is very profitable. Despite the fact that illegal gambling activities are punished by a fairly large penalty whose size varies from 10 to 40, non-taxable personal income minimums, even such penalties are insignificant compared with the obtained incomes. By making the gambling business legal, the legislators of Ukraine primarily hope to take control of each of the types of gambling, as well as draw the line between lotteries, slot halls, and elite casinos.

Secondly, legalization of gambling will allow the state to obtain considerable profit from the activity of gambling houses. Thus, Yuriy Kozhema, the Chairman of the Kiev Union of Gambling Enterprises, reported that the state budget at different levels can annually receive over 2 billion hryvnias from casinos only.

By the way, the strategy to make profit and replenish the state budget at the expense of fans of gambling is common for many countries. Moreover, these funds are used to support unprotected layers of the population, including orphans and prisoners. Thus, the idea of gambling legalization in Ukraine was in the air, so that sooner or later this issue should have been considered. The country needs money! Thus, Alexander Danylyuk, the Minister of Finance, informed that he would support any draft law that the Verkhovna Rada would pass.

It turns out that there are a few options. About 30 draft laws related to gambling, casinos, and lotteries have been registered in the Verkhovna Rada for seven years since the appearance of gambling ban. Some of them have already been analyzed by committees, some of them have withdrawn, and the others have been blocked by the anti-corruption expertise, in particular, due to the lack of the clear definition of the term "lottery" and the mechanisms of its operation.

The bill , offered by the Arseniy Yatsenyuk's Cabinet of Ministers, seemed to be the most reasonable. According to it, gambling halls, casinos, and other gambling establishments had to be legalized on the territory of the state in detail this draft law is discussed in the article "Gambling Industry: However it did not pass the discussion in the committees, so that it was withdrawn from consideration by the Verkhovna Rada.

Now three newer draft bills are being considered by the committees. The first bill was initiated by the independent deputy Borislav Bereza in January The future law regulates only card games, dice and roulette, as well as slot machines. It is worth noting that each of the gambling games mentioned above can be played only in a specially designated area of a casino whose total building area must be at least sq.

As for sports betting, bookmakers, and state lotteries, the Bereza's bill does not provide any information about their regulation. However the draft law allows gambling companies to operate via the Internet without specifying in any way what kind of activity it is.

According to the draft law, gambling operators have to issue entrance tickets to all casino visitors. The price of one ticket has to be at least non-taxable personal income minimums not less than UAH in December In addition, operators have to take measures to combat gambling addiction, i.

Besides, casino owners will also have to pay out monthly non-taxable minimums 17, UAH as an additional payment for each gaming table or slot machine located in the gambling establishment. The second bill out of those that are being considered at the moment, which was initiated in September by Andrey Nemirovsky who represented "Self Reliance", offers to divide games of chance into:. Online gambling is not regulated by this draft law. It is also surprising that in the Nemirovsky's project sports and charity games are allowed to organize only in casinos.

And if the legislators consider billiards and bowling to be sports games, they have no idea what should be treated as charity games. According to this project, it is planned to create a special gambling zone in the Kherson Oblast. In addition, the territory of four- and five-star hotels belongs to such zone. The smallest territory on which a casino can be located is sq.

According to this law, Local authorities will be able to set fees for casino owners. In general, the funds paid by casino owners for licensing, as well as deductions for the games will be transferred to the state budget. The newest draft law "On Deshadowing of Gambling Market in Ukraine" that implies the legalization of gambling business in Ukraine was initiated in June by Igor Molotok who respresented "People's Will. The desk was not disassembled either time and I was expecting it to not survive the move well, but there were no problems.

Original Review February 5, The keyboard tray is only large enough to hold a normal keyboard nothing else, the bottom shelf on the "side desk" will hold two PCs, the monitor stand barely holds a single monitor the wood fiberboard shelf is garbage, the welded metal Cs are sturdy and the instructions are detailed and well communicated.

Worth the money, I would buy another. The desk arrives broken down to its basic elements, nothing is preassembled, so if you are not looking forward to a bit of construction look elsewhere. That being said the instructions are detailed and nearly flawless I believe the second step omits which direction two of the piece should be assembled; when I'm near the instructions I'll edit with specifics.

The hardware is broken down into baggies with letters that are referenced in the instructions; I want to meet these people and thank them for the effort on their end to make this an easy assembly.

The instructions claimed an exact 55 minutes for assembly, is this a bit of humor in an instruction manual? While I didn't sit down with a stop watch, it seems a reasonable estimate, though I'd leave a full 2 hours for unpacking, assembly and cleanup.

I agree with a few of the other comments, the packaging is exquisite and while the exterior of the box was rather beaten up during shipment everything came through unharmed. Even the glass arrived safe, which by the way is on the bottom, assuming you open the package with the nice picture facing up, and which I was dreading getting to and finding shattered to a million pieces. There is a plethora of polystyrene foam incorrectly referred to as Styrofoam that stuck to everything; a few pieces had decided to detonate during shipment, which then stuck to every piece of the desk during assembly.

There are a few danger stickers attached to the glass. I believe they report possible death and certain dismemberment, though I cannot remember exactly. You will need something on the order of a razor blade and acetone to take them off. Possibly a propane torch. I don't know who these people are, though I know they sit up all night giggling, no, cackling, to themselves over how diabolical they are sticking nearly permanent stickers to ever product I buy, but I do hate them with a vengeance.

The desk is very sturdy on the ground, but in the air it can be twisted very easily with two people lifting at either of the short ends of the desk. The keyboard tray is large enough for 1 full size keyboard with numpad. The monitor stand can hold one monitor. The "side desk" bottom shelf can hold two PCs side by side. If you put one monitor on it, it'll sag a wee bit, but will hold.

For me it was disappointing. There is a nice page in the back of the book, which I'll snap a picture of and post, that lists the weight each section will accept. The monitor stand states it holds 50lbs. The welded C brackets can indeed. The fiber board shelf shipped with the desk cannot.

I built a hollow "shelf", I've posted pictures, out of oak, which does indeed prove that the welded metal is capable of its weight support claims. I have a dual monitor stand weighing in around 28lbs that sits sturdily on my modified monitor stand.

The good news is that the stand can be easily removed and the desk looks perfect, however while I felt I had more than received my money's worth, I had already fallen in love with the idea of getting my 2 monitors up off the desk and out of the way of my notebooks, speakers and random assortment of junk, hence the constructing of the oak "shelf". Go back to the top and read the abstract. Was this review helpful to you?

Arrived very damaged, glass gouged and several wood pieces scuffed. One corner of the glass was sticking a good inch and a half out of the package, it's a miracle nothing was broken. The packaging was so old that I would not have been able to put it back together to send back, let alone be able to haul it or fit it in my car to get to a shipping center.

I contacted Amazon and they issued a partial refund that I was happy enough with, it brought it to a price I would have paid for a desk in this condition at a yard sale or something. There were also no instructions in the box. I tracked down the original manufacturer and they emailed me a. Don't try to put this together without the instructions. You'll spend a lot of extra time figuring out that things fit where they don't belong and spending time having to unscrew a lot of bolts.

Put together, despite the visual flaws, it's a very sturdy desk. I switched the side that the computer tower goes on without issue, while it does show one way in the directions it's fairly simple to switch. I would buy it again, but not from anywhere that ships the desks, maybe a local shop.

I found that after assembly, loosening the bolts and moving it around till it leveled out a bit helped. Overall I'm quite satisfied. I Should've Paid More. The finished product is ok. Not great, just ok. But this is about as little as you can pay for a glasstop desk, so you get what you pay for. The glass tops leave too much space between the wooden edges. The top shelf is crooked, the amount of space left on the left bar and the right bar are not equal. However, the top shelf seems sturdier than expected.

Screwing wood screws into undersized holes in metal was pretty absurd too. And some of the wooden parts were dented. Not a major complaint now that I'm done, but it took me twice as long to clean up after assembling than it took to assemble.

Z-Line seems to have gone out of their way to find the cheapest, crappiest styrofoam on the earth. Even touching it makes it fall apart, and not into easily manageable chunks, but into individual grains. My apartment looked like a styrofoam snowstorm had blown through. Thank god for my Dyson. If you are especially conscientious about CFCs, stay away or prepare to feel guilty. I'm guessing using better packaging would prevent the wood damage that I and others have found.

Mohammed, who used to earn Rs 2 00 a day, quit working to indulge in full-time gambling. The lure of a windfall is irresistible. After all, it is big money. According to Goyal, who is also president of the Madhya Pradesh Lottery Union, the lottery business in the state has a daily turnover of Rs 8 crore or Rs 3, crore per year.

And business has been growing at a rapid rate. In Bhopal, for instance, it has shot up from Rs40 lakh a day in September , to Rs 1. The boom came about after the abolition of the 2 5-per cent sales tax on lottery tickets last year.

The real profit is pocketed by the two sole stockists in the state - Sugal and Daman Company, and Marwah Agency. The stockists operate on the Government's behalf and even after paying a certain percentage as royalty, earn about Rs crore per year. The money comes from the massive sale of tickets.

Not surprisingly, the spreading craze has come in for strong criticism. But Patwa is determined not to withdraw the lottery because it fills the exchequer: We have started it to stop the flight of money to other states. Others are critical on moral grounds, BJP leader Pyarelal Khandelwal is particularly scathing in his attack: For Patwa, though, the lottery is a winning gambit which, rather like a gambler having hit a lucky streak, he has no intention of giving up easily.

For more news from India Today, follow us on Twitter indiatoday and on Facebook at facebook. See More See Less. The shock of losing a lifetime's savings or borrowed money has led to several people committing suicide out of despair. Others have gone mad. All gamblers believe they can find the key to success with the help of charts and handbooks.

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However it's no secret that underground gambling clubs keep working. Every year law enforcement officials close several thousand establishments, seizing thousands of units of gambling equipment, millions of dollars and hryvnias.

Nevertheless, every time gambling houses reincarnated and rose from the ashes. Their number has not decreased. For example, law enforcement officials found more than gambling organizations, seized almost , hryvnias of profit from illegal activities only in Kiev in However these amounts are nothing compared to the money that Ukraine has lost over seven years as a result of the law on gambling ban.

Arsen Avakov, the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, reported on his Facebook page that, according to his calculations, the state could have obtained about million dollars to its treasury from the moment of gambling ban. Such losses are connected with the fact that seven years ago lawmakers personally created a loophole in the legistalition for illegal operators. They provided neither definition for lotteries nor mechanisms of their regulation. So, in big cities and small villages you can easily find illegal halls of slot machines, existing under the signs "Lotto" or even "State Lottery.

By the way, the new Law of Ukraine "On State Lotteries" was adopted only three years after the complete prohibition of gambling. Thus, the illegal market of gambling in Ukraine has not disappeared. It exists and seems to be a clear example of the fact that the complete prohibition of this business leads to even worse consequences than its limited existence in the framework of the current legislation.

It's no secret that the gambling business is flourishing even taking into account the adoption of the law "On Prohibition of Gambling Business in Ukraine. Instead, it has just withdrawn into the shadows.

Gambling establishments are masked and exist under the sign of lotteries, since this kind of business is very profitable. Despite the fact that illegal gambling activities are punished by a fairly large penalty whose size varies from 10 to 40, non-taxable personal income minimums, even such penalties are insignificant compared with the obtained incomes.

By making the gambling business legal, the legislators of Ukraine primarily hope to take control of each of the types of gambling, as well as draw the line between lotteries, slot halls, and elite casinos. Secondly, legalization of gambling will allow the state to obtain considerable profit from the activity of gambling houses. Thus, Yuriy Kozhema, the Chairman of the Kiev Union of Gambling Enterprises, reported that the state budget at different levels can annually receive over 2 billion hryvnias from casinos only.

By the way, the strategy to make profit and replenish the state budget at the expense of fans of gambling is common for many countries. Moreover, these funds are used to support unprotected layers of the population, including orphans and prisoners.

Thus, the idea of gambling legalization in Ukraine was in the air, so that sooner or later this issue should have been considered. The country needs money! Thus, Alexander Danylyuk, the Minister of Finance, informed that he would support any draft law that the Verkhovna Rada would pass.

It turns out that there are a few options. About 30 draft laws related to gambling, casinos, and lotteries have been registered in the Verkhovna Rada for seven years since the appearance of gambling ban. Some of them have already been analyzed by committees, some of them have withdrawn, and the others have been blocked by the anti-corruption expertise, in particular, due to the lack of the clear definition of the term "lottery" and the mechanisms of its operation.

The bill , offered by the Arseniy Yatsenyuk's Cabinet of Ministers, seemed to be the most reasonable. According to it, gambling halls, casinos, and other gambling establishments had to be legalized on the territory of the state in detail this draft law is discussed in the article "Gambling Industry: However it did not pass the discussion in the committees, so that it was withdrawn from consideration by the Verkhovna Rada.

Now three newer draft bills are being considered by the committees. The first bill was initiated by the independent deputy Borislav Bereza in January The future law regulates only card games, dice and roulette, as well as slot machines. It is worth noting that each of the gambling games mentioned above can be played only in a specially designated area of a casino whose total building area must be at least sq.

As for sports betting, bookmakers, and state lotteries, the Bereza's bill does not provide any information about their regulation. However the draft law allows gambling companies to operate via the Internet without specifying in any way what kind of activity it is.

According to the draft law, gambling operators have to issue entrance tickets to all casino visitors. The price of one ticket has to be at least non-taxable personal income minimums not less than UAH in December In addition, operators have to take measures to combat gambling addiction, i. Besides, casino owners will also have to pay out monthly non-taxable minimums 17, UAH as an additional payment for each gaming table or slot machine located in the gambling establishment.

The second bill out of those that are being considered at the moment, which was initiated in September by Andrey Nemirovsky who represented "Self Reliance", offers to divide games of chance into:. Online gambling is not regulated by this draft law.

It is also surprising that in the Nemirovsky's project sports and charity games are allowed to organize only in casinos. And if the legislators consider billiards and bowling to be sports games, they have no idea what should be treated as charity games.

According to this project, it is planned to create a special gambling zone in the Kherson Oblast. In addition, the territory of four- and five-star hotels belongs to such zone. The smallest territory on which a casino can be located is sq.

According to this law, Local authorities will be able to set fees for casino owners. In general, the funds paid by casino owners for licensing, as well as deductions for the games will be transferred to the state budget. The newest draft law "On Deshadowing of Gambling Market in Ukraine" that implies the legalization of gambling business in Ukraine was initiated in June by Igor Molotok who respresented "People's Will.

It is allowed to open only one casino per people in any regional center, and one casino per Oblast per people outside the regional center. The minimum area provided for the casino should not be less than sq.

Gambling operators are allowed to pay out money or take money from gamblers only in a special cash desk. Casino owners that do not have a license will have to pay a fine of 2 thousand non-taxable minimums about 3 million hryvnias , as well as give all the profits to the state budget of Ukraine.

It is worth noting that according to this draft law, taxes from gambling will be provided to the development of the economy, social and cultural projects, as well as the development of sports. All three draft laws allow gambling only for those who have reached the age of majority, provide licensing of each gambling establishment, creation of special monitoring organizations and state registers of gambling operators.

The main goal of the bills mentioned above is not only the legalization of gambling but also the appropriate monitoring of this sphere.

The obligation of control over gambling as a whole and full receipt of taxes on such activities is placed upon the Cabinet of Ministers and monitoring organizations via the electronic system of gambling state monitoring.

To put it simply, new bills offer the following system of the gambling business:. The scheme seems to be quite transparent and clear, in particular, thanks to monitoring via the electronic system. This is an obvious advantage, since it diminishes the influence of the human factor.

After all, it is easier for humans to pay less than for an electronic device, but keep in mind that electronic systems are still managed by people. Nowadays, the committees of the Verkhovna Rada are actively discussing various aspects, related to the activities of the gambling business, for example, prices of licences, tax sizes for business entities, trends in the development of gambling industry, individual taxes for winners, and ways to assess the level of services at hotels.

Market experts also believe that the uncontrollability of the gambling business, apart from the detrimental impact from the fiscal point of view, also devastates the moral and psychological state of society. So, the lawyer Zoryana Toporetskaya argues that, from the point of view of problem gambling, online gambling is one of the most dangerous activities along with slot machines.

Unregulated online gambling provides customers with the opportunity to gamble anytime and anywhere and bet any amount. This leads to the quick development of gambling addiction. We actually put citizens at risk. And the state, which should control this dangerous kind of activities, does nothing in this direction. In addition, in her opinion, free access to gambling sites can completely destroy legal gambling operators. It is difficult to compete with those who do not pay taxes at all. Free Spin Free Spin is a term used in video slot games and online slot games to specify that the spin will be completed without a charge or on the same wager.

Free spins can get triggered by a number of things, each game use a different method. Usually, landing a number of special symbols on reels is required to activate the free spins bonus round.

Mostly scatter symbols are preferred for this activation, although wild symbols or a completely different symbol dedicated for this feature can be used too. In most slot games, landing at least three special symbols on reels is mandatory to trigger the feature. Once triggered, free spins bonus round award a number of spins free of charge to the player.

The number of free spins differ from game to game, and can be 5 or The spins are automatically used by the game and the player keeps any profit after the spins are complete. Hand pay refers to a payout made by an attendant or at an exchange point "cage" , rather than by the slot machine itself. A hand pay occurs when the amount of the payout exceeds the maximum amount that was preset by the slot machine's operator.

Usually, the maximum amount is set at the level where the operator must begin to deduct taxes. A hand pay could also be necessary as a result of a short pay. Hopper fill slip is a document used to record the replenishment of the coin in the coin hopper after it becomes depleted as a result of making payouts to players. The slip indicates the amount of coin placed into the hoppers, as well as the signatures of the employees involved in the transaction, the slot machine number and the location and the date.

MEAL book M achine e ntry a uthorization l og is a log of the employee's entries into the machine. Low Level or Slant Top slot machines include a stool so the player has sitdown access. Stand Up or Upright slot machines are played while standing. Optimal play is a payback percentage based on a gambler using the optimal strategy in a skill-based slot machine game.

Payline is a line that crosses through one symbol on each reel, along which a winning combination is evaluated. Classic spinning reel machines usually have up to nine paylines, while video slot machines may have as many as one hundred. Paylines could be of various shapes horizontal, vertical, oblique, triangular, zigzag, etc. Rollup is the process of dramatizing a win by playing sounds while the meters count up to the amount that has been won.

Short pay refers to a partial payout made by a slot machine, which is less than the amount due to the player. This occurs if the coin hopper has been depleted as a result of making earlier payouts to players.

The remaining amount due to the player is either paid as a hand pay or an attendant will come and refill the machine. Scatter Symbol It is required to place at least two of the same symbols on a pay line to get paid in slot games.

However, scatter symbols work differently and award a prize whether they are placed on a pay line or not. But the player still needs to get at least two of them in modern slot games. The more, the better. Scatter symbols are usually used to award a number of free spins. The number of free spins differs from game to game; i. They can also award coin prizes, based on their number. The prizes are usually small, but they are paid in addition to other winnings.

Scatter symbol is a special symbol, which means the wild symbol cannot replace it. Slot variance is a measure of risk associated with playing a slot machine. A low variance slot machine has regular but smaller wins and a high variance slot machine has fewer but bigger wins.

Taste is a reference to the small amount often paid out to keep a player seated and continuously betting. Only rarely will machines fail to pay out even the minimum placed a bet over the course of several pulls. Tilt Electromechanical slot machines usually include an electromechanical " tilt switch ", which makes or breaks a circuit if the machine is tilted or otherwise tampered with, and so triggers an alarm.

While modern machines no longer have tilt switches, any kind of technical fault door switch in the wrong state, reel motor failure, out of paper, etc. Theoretical Hold Worksheet A document provided by the manufacturer for all slot machines, which indicates the theoretical percentage that the slot machine should hold based on the amount paid in. The worksheet also indicates the reel strip settings, number of coins that may be played, the payout schedule, the number of reels and other information descriptive of the particular type of slot machine.

Weight count is an American term, referring to the dollar amount of coins or tokens removed from a slot machine's drop bucket or drop box and counted by the casino's hard count team through the use of a weigh scale.

Wild Symbol Wild symbols act like joker cards in a slot game. Basically, they substitute for all other symbols in the game, usually except for other special symbols, such as scatter and jackpot. They can appear on any of the reels. However, this is not mandatory and can be changed from game to game. In some games, wild symbols can appear only on certain reels. Or, they can appear only during the bonus rounds.

The player must refer to the rules and paytable of the game to learn about the landing rules. Mobile is when the slot machine is hosted for online gambling and it is usually available for use on a phone, tablet, or other portable device.

These are often standalone mobile casino applications but are also found as part of the online casino site. Each machine has a table that lists the number of credits the player will receive if the symbols listed on the pay table line up on the pay line of the machine. Some symbols are wild and can represent many, or all, of the other symbols to complete a winning line. Especially on older machines, the pay table is listed on the face of the machine, usually above and below the area containing the wheels.

Most video machines display the pay table when the player presses a "pay table" button or touches "pay table" on the screen; some have the pay table listed on the cabinet as well. Historically, all slot machines used revolving mechanical reels to display and determine results.

Although the original slot machine used five reels, simpler, and therefore more reliable, three reel machines quickly became the standard. This limited the manufacturer's ability to offer large jackpots since even the rarest event had a likelihood of 0. Although the number of symbols eventually increased to about 22, allowing 10, combinations, [20] this still limited jackpot sizes as well as the number of possible outcomes. In the s, however, slot machine manufacturers incorporated electronics into their products and programmed them to weight particular symbols.

Thus the odds of losing symbols appearing on the payline became disproportionate to their actual frequency on the physical reel. A symbol would only appear once on the reel displayed to the player, but could, in fact, occupy several stops on the multiple reel. With microprocessors now ubiquitous, the computers inside modern slot machines allow manufacturers to assign a different probability to every symbol on every reel.

To the player it might appear that a winning symbol was 'so close', whereas in fact the probability is much lower. In the s in the UK machines embodying microprocessors became common. These used a number of features to ensure the payout was controlled within the limits of the gambling legislation.

As the coin was inserted into the machine it could go one of two routes, either direct into the cashbox for the benefit of the owner, or alternatively it would go into a channel that formed the payout reservoir, the microprocessor monitoring the number of coins in this channel.

The drums themselves were driven by stepper motors, controlled by the processor and with proximity sensors monitoring the position of the drums.

A "look up table" within the software allows the processor to know what symbols were being displayed on the drums to the gambler. This allowed the system to control the level of payout by stopping the drums at positions it had determined. If the payout channel had filled up, the payout became more generous, if nearly empty, less so thus giving good control of the odds.

The video slot machine is a more recent innovation, with no moving parts at all — instead a graphical representation of one appears on screen. In addition, because there are no mechanical constraints on the design of video slot machines, most display five reels rather than three.

This greatly expands the number of possibilities: As there are so many combinations given by five reels, the manufacturers do not need to weight the payout symbols although some may still do so. Instead, higher paying symbols will typically appear only once or twice on each reel, while more common symbols, earning a more frequent payout, will appear many times. Video slot machines typically encourage the player to play multiple "lines", so rather than simply taking the middle of the three symbols displayed on each reel, a line could go from top left to bottom right, or any of the other patterns specified by the manufacturer.

As each symbol is equally likely, there is no difficulty for the manufacturer in allowing the player to take any or all of the possible lines on offer — the long-term return to player will be the same. The difference for the player is that the more lines he plays the more likely he is to get paid on a given spin — though of course he is betting more in the first place.

To avoid the feeling that the player's money is simply ebbing away whereas a payout of credits on a single line machine would be bets, and the player would feel they had made a substantial win, on a 20 line machine, it would only be 5 bets and would not seem significant , manufacturers commonly offer bonus games, which can return many times their bet.

The player is encouraged to keep playing to reach the bonus: All modern machines are designed using pseudo random number generators "PRNGs" , which are constantly generating a sequence of simulated random numbers, at a rate of hundreds or perhaps thousands per second.

As soon as the "Play" button is pressed, the most recent random number is used to determine the result. This means that the result varies depending on exactly when the game is played.

A fraction of a second earlier or later, and the result would be different. It is important that the machine contains a high-quality RNG implementation, because all PRNGs must eventually repeat their number sequence, [23] and if the period is short, or the PRNG is otherwise flawed, an advanced player may be able to 'predict' the next result.

Having access to the PRNG code and seed values, Ronald Dale Harris , a former slot machine programmer, discovered equations for specific gambling games like Keno that allowed him to predict what the next set of selected numbers would be based on the previous games played. Most machines are designed to defeat this by generating numbers even when the machine is not being played, so the player cannot tell where in the sequence they are, even if he knows how the machine was programmed.

This is known as the "theoretical payout percentage" or RTP, "return to player". The minimum theoretical payout percentage varies among jurisdictions and is typically established by law or regulation. The winning patterns on slot machines — the amounts they pay and the frequencies of those payouts — are carefully selected to yield a certain fraction of the money played to the "house" the operator of the slot machine , while returning the rest to the players during play.

Within some EGM development organizations this concept is referred to simply as "par. A slot machine's theoretical payout percentage is set at the factory when the software is written. Changing the payout percentage after a slot machine has been placed on the gaming floor requires a physical swap of the software or firmware , which is usually stored on an EPROM but may be loaded onto non-volatile random access memory NVRAM or even stored on CD-ROM or DVD , depending on the capabilities of the machine and the applicable regulations.

Based on current technology, this is a time-consuming process and as such is done infrequently. Other jurisdictions, including Nevada, randomly audit slot machines to ensure that they contain only approved software. Historically, many casinos, both online and offline, have been unwilling to publish individual game RTP figures, making it impossible for the player to know whether they are playing a "loose" or a "tight" game.

Since the turn of the century some information regarding these figures has started to come into the public domain either through various casinos releasing them - primarily this applies to online casino - or through studies by independent gambling authorities. The return to player is not the only statistic that is of interest. The probabilities of every payout on the pay table is also critical.

For example, consider a hypothetical slot machine with a dozen different values on the pay table. However, the probabilities of getting all the payouts are zero except the largest one. Also, most people would not win anything, and having entries on the paytable that have a return of zero would be deceptive. As these individual probabilities are closely guarded secrets, it is possible that the advertised machines with high return to player simply increase the probabilities of these jackpots.

The added advantage is that these large jackpots increase the excitement of the other players. This game, in its original form, is obsolete, so these specific probabilities do not apply. He only published the odds after a fan of his sent him some information provided on a slot machine that was posted on a machine in the Netherlands. The psychology of the machine design is quickly revealed. There are 13 possible payouts ranging from 1: Most players assume the likelihood increases proportionate to the payout.

The one midsize payout that is designed to give the player a thrill is the It is programmed to occur an average of once every plays. In contrast the The highest payout of 2, The player who continues to feed the machine is likely to have several midsize payouts, but unlikely to have a large payout. He quits after he is bored or has exhausted his bankroll. Despite the fact that they are confidential, occasionally a PAR sheet is posted on a website.

They have limited value to the player, because usually a machine will have 8 to 12 different possible programs with varying payouts. In addition, slight variations of each machine e. The casino operator can choose which EPROM chip to install in any particular machine to select the payout desired.

The result is that there is not really such a thing as a high payback type of machine, since every machine potentially has multiple settings. Without revealing the proprietary information, he developed a program that would allow him to determine with usually less than a dozen plays on each machine which EPROM chip was installed. Then he did a survey of over machines in 70 different casinos in Las Vegas.

He averaged the data, and assigned an average payback percentage to the machines in each casino. The resultant list was widely publicized for marketing purposes especially by the Palms casino which had the top ranking. One reason that the slot machine is so profitable to a casino is that the player must play the high house edge and high payout wagers along with the low house edge and low payout wagers. Other bets have a higher house edge, but the player is rewarded with a bigger win up to thirty times in craps.

The player can choose what kind of wager he wants to make. A slot machine does not afford such an opportunity. Theoretically, the operator could make these probabilities available, or allow the player to choose which one so that the player is free to make a choice. However, no operator has ever enacted this strategy. Different machines have different maximum payouts, but without knowing the odds of getting the jackpot, there is no rational way to differentiate.

In many markets where central monitoring and control systems are used to link machines for auditing and security purposes, usually in wide area networks of multiple venues and thousands of machines, player return must usually be changed from a central computer rather than at each machine.

A range of percentages is set in the game software and selected remotely. In , the Nevada Gaming Commission began working with Las Vegas casinos on technology that would allow the casino's management to change the game, the odds, and the payouts remotely. The change cannot be done instantaneously, but only after the selected machine has been idle for at least four minutes. After the change is made, the machine must be locked to new players for four minutes and display an on-screen message informing potential players that a change is being made.

Often machines are linked together in a way that allows a group of machines to offer a particularly large prize, or "jackpot". Each slot machine in the group contributes a small amount to this progressive jackpot , awarded to a player who gets, for example, a royal flush on a video poker machine or a specific combination of symbols on a regular or nine-line slot machine.

The amount paid for the progressive jackpot is usually far higher than any single slot machine could pay on its own. In some cases multiple machines are linked across multiple casinos. In these cases, the machines may be owned by the manufacturer, who is responsible for paying the jackpot. The casinos lease the machines rather than owning them outright. Casinos in New Jersey, Nevada, and South Dakota now offer multi-state progressive jackpots, which now offer bigger jackpot pools.

Mechanical slot machines and their coin acceptors were sometimes susceptible to cheating devices and other scams. One historical example involved spinning a coin with a short length of plastic wire.

The weight and size of the coin would be accepted by the machine and credits would be granted. However, the spin created by the plastic wire would cause the coin to exit through the reject chute into the payout tray. This particular scam has become obsolete due to improvements in newer slot machines. Another obsolete method of defeating slot machines was to use a light source to confuse the optical sensor used to count coins during payout.

Modern slot machines are controlled by EPROM computer chips and, in large casinos, coin acceptors have become obsolete in favor of bill acceptors. These machines and their bill acceptors are designed with advanced anti-cheating and anti-counterfeiting measures and are difficult to defraud.

Early computerized slot machines were sometimes defrauded through the use of cheating devices, such as the "slider" or "monkey paw". Computerized slot machines are fully deterministic and thus outcomes can be sometimes successfully predicted.

Malfunctioning electronic slot machines are capable of indicating jackpot winnings far in excess of those advertised. In the United States, the public and private availability of slot machines is highly regulated by state governments. Many states have established gaming control boards to regulate the possession and use of slot machines. Nevada is the only state that has no significant restrictions against slot machines both for public and private use. In New Jersey , slot machines are only allowed in hotel casinos operated in Atlantic City.

Several states Illinois , Indiana , Louisiana and Missouri allow slot machines as well as any casino-style gambling only on licensed riverboats or permanently anchored barges. Since Hurricane Katrina , Mississippi has removed the requirement that casinos on the Gulf Coast operate on barges and now allows them on land along the shoreline.

Delaware allows slot machines at three horse tracks; they are regulated by the state lottery commission. In Wisconsin, bars and taverns are allowed to have up to five machines. These machines usually allow a player to either take a payout, or gamble it on a double-or-nothing "side game". A player redeems his winnings by pressing a button to print a ticket, which the bartender redeems for cash. The territory of Puerto Rico places significant restrictions on slot machine ownership, but the law is widely flouted and slot machines are common in bars and coffeeshops.

Conversely, in Connecticut , Hawaii , Nebraska , South Carolina , and Tennessee , private ownership of any slot machine is completely prohibited.

The remaining states allow slot machines of a certain age typically 25—30 years or slot machines manufactured before a specific date. For a detailed list of state-by-state regulations on private slot machine ownership, see U. Native American casinos located in reservations are not permitted to have slot machines unless the tribe first reaches a pact with the state in which it is located per Indian Gaming Regulatory Act. Typically, a pact entitles the state to receive a fraction of the gross revenue from slot machines.

Some states have restrictions on the type called "class" of slot machines that can be used in a casino or other gaming area. The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act establishes three classes of games with a different regulatory scheme for each: Class I gaming is defined as 1 traditional Indian gaming, which may be part of tribal ceremonies and celebrations, and 2 social gaming for minimal prizes.

Regulatory authority over class I gaming is vested exclusively in tribal governments and is not subject to IGRA's requirements. Class II gaming is defined as the game of chance commonly known as bingo whether or not electronic, computer, or other technological aids are used in connection therewith and, if played in the same location as the bingo , pull tabs, punch board, tip jars, instant bingo, and other games similar to bingo. Class II gaming also includes non-banked card games , that is, games that are played exclusively against other players rather than against the house or a player acting as a bank.

The Act specifically excludes slot machines or electronic facsimiles of any game of chance from the definition of class II games. Tribes retain their authority to conduct, license, and regulate class II gaming, provided it complies with the Act - including the requirement that the Tribal government adopt a gaming ordinance approved by the National Indian Gaming Commission NIGC.

Tribal governments are the primary entity responsible for regulating class II gaming on its lands. Only Hawaii and Utah continue to prohibit all types of gaming. The definition of class III gaming is broad. It includes all forms of gaming that are neither class I nor II. Games commonly played at casinos , such as slot machines , blackjack , craps , and roulette , clearly fall in the class III category, as well as wagering games and electronic facsimiles of any game of chance.

Generally, class III is often referred to as casino-style gaming. The regulatory scheme for class III gaming is more complex than a casual reading of the statute might suggest.

Although Congress clearly intended regulatory issues to be addressed in Tribal-State compacts , it left a number of key functions in federal hands, including approval authority over compacts, management contracts, and Tribal gaming ordinances.

Congress also vested the Commission with broad authority to issue regulations in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. Many American casinos offer free memberships in "slot clubs", which return a fraction of the amount of money that is bet in the form of comps complimentary food, drinks, hotel rooms, or merchandise , or sometimes as cash or a promise to pay cash at a later date.

These clubs require that players use cards that are inserted into the slot machines, to allow the casinos to track the players' "action" how much each player bets and for how long , which is often used to establish levels of play that may make players eligible for additional comps.

These fall under the jurisdiction of the province or territory without reference to the federal government. Thus no two provincial regulatory or operational regimes are the same. The 10 provinces all have gaming departments and slot machine play is available in venues across all. Part of the revenues go to the local government which in turn gives a percentage to the federal government.

Choice of slots available is a province by province negotiation with the local Gaming Department. Individual territories have such small populations that there are no dedicated departments or land based facilities to play. The history of First Nation's gaming in Canada is short but contentious. Only 12 First Nation casinos exist scattered over five provinces.

The Assembly of First Nations view jurisdiction over gaming on First Nation land as part of their constitutional rights protected by section 35 1 of the Constitution Act, However the Supreme Court of Canada has rejected First Nation's claims to a right to conduct gaming activities.

Nevertheless, the First Nation casino's largest revenue driver is from slot machine play and the regulation of these is by agreement with an Indigenous Gaming Regulator, a delegated sub-group of each province Gaming Authority. All provinces have dedicated problem gambling help lines and research, and the territories have health and social service support for individuals with gambling problems.

what makes

We do not live by letters written on dead stones. The tithe was a practical response to the needs of the levitacal priesthood. I am not saying not to support the Church, I am saying it is wrong to cajole or fool people into thinking that God needs your money, he does not. I think your experience bears this out. My good mother paid her tithe faithfully, she gave to various children ministries, she gave and had little left for herself.

Does God bless this in Heaven, yes,I believe so. But not always here. I stopped tithing because I could not afford to anymore.

As soon asked my mother became to feeble to tithe, the Church forgot about her. They forgot about me too. I took this as proof they only wanted the money. I became a Christian 41 years ago. I was as faithful in tithing as one can be. In fact, in my heart, I use to look down on Christians who were not faithful in their tithing to the Church.

I use to believe and teach that Christians who were not faithful in their tithing were guilty of robbing God. The truth of the matter is that it is actually the Church who is guilty of robbing people through the teaching of the false doctrine of New Testament tithing, which is not Biblical.

Thank the Lord for opening up the truth of His Scriptures to me, to see and understand the real truth concerning New Testament tithing. Below, are some wonderful and eye-opening articles on the Biblical truth of New Testament tithing. To find out the Biblical Truth about tithing, simply go to the internet and key in any one of the titles listed below: The tithe — is it still applicable today?

In these last days, many traditions of the Christian Institutional Church are being revealed to be nothing more than just that: So, in regards to these tithes, are they Biblical or are they just tradition also? Did Yahweh actually command that they be collected for use by a local assembly for its daily operating expenses? The first person to mention paying for the full-time support of certain members of local congregations is Cyprian CE.

The idea did not go over real big at the time. Congregation leaders were given salaries when Constantine came into office, years after the beginning of the Christian religion. Tithing did not become a commonly accepted practice until the eighth century — years after the beginning of Christianity. By the eleventh century it had become a legal requirement in order to fund the State-run church. In the Bible, the money was NOT given to leadership to build and operate a church building.

It was Spirit-lead giving—to the poor in the church—so that no one had lack. In the Bible only a priest collected a tithe. I like the advice in this article. Anything can be a sin it if taken too far.

I think this is another thing Christians will debate about. Like Christmas and the Trinity. I play the lottery! I would not rob people. I know I robbed GOD by playing the lottery. If some one wins the lottery Christian or not! I will one day stop playing the Mega, Power Ball and Poker lotto!

I will be praying for my self and others to stop! If a church knew the money was a tithe from gambling, I would vote to decline. If the money was given without reference, then I think the church is free to accept it. The apostle Paul made it quite clear in 1 Corinthians that we are NOT to partake of food we know has been sacrificed to idols.

Gambling and lotteries are forms of idol worship. As Christians we are to look to God for our provision, not idols. Better to tithe on what you earned honestly, than what was gotten in a way God frowns upon. God will do miracles with our small things, if we seek His righteousness first and trust Him to do it. The Creator of heaven and earth and all that is in then does not need our money or our winfalls to advance His Kingdom.

Thank you and have a blessed day. Further to my previous comment… If, however, I felt led by the Holy Spirit to purchase a lottery ticket one day, and lo and behold, I won…I would definitely give a generous tithe of the first fruits to my church as an act of thanksgiving to and faith in my one true God, but I would do it anonymously, so as not to drag the Church into controversy or sin.

Since I do NOT make a routine practice of gambling or purchasing lottery tickets, I would consider the leading to purchase one an act of God. However, I do make tithing a routine practice. God has taught me much in the exercise of my faith in that regard.

If everyone who bought lottery tickets on a regular basis gave that money to a church instead, how much more good would that do in our nation? Heck, if we just gave it outright to the government, we could retire the national debt, or at least slow it down, because there would be no future annuities to pay out to the lottery commissions.

Just something to think about…. A few website stats… http: The opposite was true…. So, I have no problem, personally, with buying a lottery ticket. I made the same offer in all of my online articles on this subject. You will not find that exact phrase in the Bible, but you will discover, in Titus 1: Paul, the apostle of Jesus, was telling us what the requirements for becoming a pastor is: We must always maintain control over all things, including buying a lottery ticket. Further, why do you want a lottery win?

Is it for YOUR desires? If so, what are those desires? Not a cent more. I never buy coffee, always take home made. I rarely have take out or eat food that I have not cooked from scratch myself. The lottery is my one indulgence. I win small amounts here and there and am thrilled for the winners who win big. A random sample of the most popular sites put to the test on the website monitoring service Check-Host check-host. The websites even address the legality issue head-on by publishing statements that purport to provide clarity for the confused would-be gambler.

Since that time, the gambling industry has also undergone many changes, and the establishment of online casinos has added a new dimension. These online casinos are highly reputable and offer safe and legal online gambling to customers in South African rands, and we suggest you give them a try. Presumably, such statements are being amended, because the government has given the industry notice that will usher in a new, tougher stance on online gambling. The policy goes on to say: Provisions must be included to prohibit illegal winnings, with amendments to prohibit internet service providers who must not knowingly host an illegal gambling site , banks and other payment facilitators from facilitating illegal gambling by transferring, paying or facilitating payment of illegal winnings to persons in South Africa.

There will be a clampdown on the advertising and promotion of online gambling, but the focus of the fightback by government will continue to be unlawful winnings. Davies told the media that the Financial Intelligence Centre will work with financial institutions to verify and intercept online winnings.

Those who fail to do so may be held criminally liable, and winnings will be deposited in the Unlawful Winnings Trust. The land-based casinos 38 of them are, by any measure, the heart of the South African gambling industry.

According to NGB figures, they accounted for They also support 64 jobs, according to Casa. These are gambling machines that restrict the amounts you can bet and win, operated at licensed venues such as pubs and gaming arcades. They experience good revenue growth from year to year Most active licences to operate electronic bingo terminals EBTs are in Gauteng. They are a bone of contention for the casino industry, represented by Casa, which argues that EBTs are no different from casino slot machines, and yet may be operated without the infrastructure or social obligations of a casino.

Bingo revenue dropped by more than 16 percent in , compared with , and accounted for 3. According to the gambling report produced by PricewaterhouseCoopers, betting on horse racing still outstrips all other sports betting in , R1. This is your only legal option if you want to use an online platform to place bets. The legitimacy of this type of gambling rests on the fact that the internet is merely the medium of communication; the outcome of betting is decided elsewhere, in the real rather than the virtual world.

The combined sports and horse racing betting industry grew in revenue terms by almost Lottery ticket sales in the financial year amounted to R4 million, down from R4 million in Buying overseas lottery tickets is illegal, but you can take online bets on the results of certain overseas lotteries, such as the EuroMillions, through the relatively new website Lottostar www.

It has been operating for two years and has paid out R million in winnings, according to spokesperson Maria Pavli. If South Africa has been ambivalent about online gambling, so have many other countries, judging by the variety of solutions around the world. South Africa is not alone in outlawing it — Russia, China, the Netherlands and Switzerland, among many others, do — but other countries restrict it in all sorts of ways.

Australia allows and taxes operators of casino websites, but prohibits their use by its own citizens, while the United States has a federal ban on all gambling including sports betting , but allows the individual states to permit it within their borders as four of the 51 states do. The United Kingdom has a permissive approach, but was forced to introduce licensing for websites both inside and outside its borders, so that it could claim its share of tax on their profits.

Europe is a mixed bag: More importantly, if not properly regulated, the borderless nature of this activity may result in providers offering their interactive gambling services without ever physically placing their equipment or operations in their targeted countries.

These safe havens are driven more by the financial reward of serving as hosts to interactive gambling providers than by being a flourishing market for this type of gambling. This creates challenges for countries whose citizens are lured onto the websites of interactive gambling providers situated or licensed in such safe havens. Realising the burden of carrying the costs of problem gambling while safe havens earn licensing and taxation fees, countries with discernible markets for interactive gambling have had to pronounce their legal position regarding this recreational economic activity.

Such legal positions vary from prohibition to restriction or liberalising interactive gambling. In South Africa, at least five percent of spending on gambling is being diverted to illegal websites, according to a guesstimate by Casa.

Alternatively, you must legalise it and have proper regulation. The machine pays off according to patterns of symbols visible on the front of the machine when it stops. Modern computer technology has resulted in variations on the slot machine concept.

Slot machines are the most popular gambling method in casinos and constitute about 70 percent of the average US casino's income. The "slot machine" term derives from the slots on the machine for inserting and retrieving coins. It contained five drums holding a total of 50 card faces and was based on poker. This machine proved extremely popular and soon many bars in the city had one or more of the machines. Players would insert a nickel and pull a lever, which would spin the drums and the cards they held, the player hoping for a good poker hand.

There was no direct payout mechanism, so a pair of kings might get the player a free beer, whereas a royal flush could pay out cigars or drinks, the prizes wholly dependent on what was on offer at the local establishment. To make the odds better for the house, two cards were typically removed from the deck: The drums could also be rearranged to further reduce a player's chance of winning.

Due to the vast number of possible wins with the original poker card based game, it proved practically impossible to come up with a way to make a machine capable of making an automatic payout for all possible winning combinations. The bell gave the machine its name. By replacing ten cards with five symbols and using three reels instead of five drums, the complexity of reading a win was considerably reduced, allowing Fey to devise an effective automatic payout mechanism.

Liberty Bell was a huge success and spawned a thriving mechanical gaming device industry. Even when the use of these gambling devices was banned in his home state after a few years, Fey still couldn't keep up with demand for the game elsewhere. The Liberty Bell machine was so popular that it was copied by many slot machine manufacturers.

Thus in , manufacturer Herbert Mills from Chicago produced a slot machine called the Operator Bell. By lots of "bell" machines were installed in most cigar stores, saloons, bowling alleys, brothels and barber shops. Other early machines, such as the trade stimulator , gave out winnings in the form of fruit-flavoured chewing gums with pictures of the flavours as symbols on the reels.

The popular cherry and melon symbols derive from this machine. The payment of food prizes was a commonly used technique to avoid laws against gambling in a number of states, and for this reason a number of gumball and other vending machines were regarded with mistrust by the courts. The two Iowa cases of State v. Ellis [10] and State v. Striggles [11] are both used in classes on criminal law to illustrate the concept of reliance upon authority as it relates to the axiomatic ignorantia juris non excusat "ignorance of the law is no excuse".

Despite the fact that the result of the next use would be displayed on the machine, the courts ruled that "[t]he machine appealed to the player's propensity to gamble, and that is [a] vice. In , Bally developed the first fully electromechanical slot machine, called Money Honey although earlier machines such as the High Hand draw poker machine by Bally had exhibited the basics of electromechanical construction as early as The electromechanical approach of the s allowed Money Honey to be the first slot machine with a bottomless hopper and automatic payout of up to coins without the help of an attendant.

The prototype was mounted in a full size show-ready slot machine cabinet. The first production units went on trial in the Las Vegas Hilton Hotel. After some "cheat-proofing" modifications, the video slot machine was approved by the Nevada State Gaming Commission and eventually found popularity in the Las Vegas Strip and downtown casinos.

A person playing a slot machine can insert cash, or in ticket-in, ticket-out machines, a paper ticket with a barcode , into a designated slot on the machine. The machine is then activated by means of a lever or button, or on newer machines, by pressing a touchscreen on its face. The game itself may or may not involve skill on the player's part — or it may create the illusion of involving skill while only being a game of chance.

The object of the game is to win money from the machine. The game usually involves matching symbols, either on mechanical reels that spin and stop to reveal one or several symbols, or on simulated reels shown on a video screen.

The symbols are usually brightly colored and easily recognizable, such as images of fruits, numerals or letters, and simple shapes such as bells, diamonds, or hearts; newer video slot machines use animated cartoon characters and images of popular actors or singers in the case of themed slot machines, as described below.

Most games have a variety of winning combination of symbols, often posted on the face of the machine or available on a different screen, accessible by touching a button on the main touchscreen, on video slot machines. If a player matches a combination according to the rules of the game, the slot machine credits the player cash or some other sort of value, such as free spins or extra games.

Free spins are a common feature in modern slot games allowing the user to spin the machine's reels without charge. Many online casinos advertise their free spin rewards and emphasize this feature. There are many different kinds of gambling slot machines in places such as Las Vegas as well as casinos modeled after those in Las Vegas, including those operated on Native American reservations. Some of the most popular are the video poker machines, in which players hope to obtain a set of symbols corresponding to a winning poker hand.

Depending on the machine, players can play one, , or more hands at one time. Another popular type of machine internationally are video bingo machines, where a player can play Latin style bingo or American style bingo. Depending on the machine players can play one bingo card or more at a time. Multi-line slot machines have become more popular since the s. These machines have more than one payline, meaning that visible symbols that are not aligned on the main horizontal may be considered for winning combinations.

Reel slot machines commonly have three or five paylines, while video slot machines may have 9, 15, 25, or as many as different paylines. Most video slot machines have a themed game, some of which feature graphics and music based on popular entertainers, motion pictures or TV programs The Addams Family , I Dream of Jeannie , Happy Days , etc.

Most accept variable numbers of credits to play, with 1 to 15 credits per line being typical. The higher the amount bet, the higher the payout will be if the player wins. There are also standard 3 to 5 reel electromechanical machines, of various types. These are the typical "one-armed bandits.

One of the main differences between video slot machines and reel machines is in the way payouts are calculated. With reel machines, the only way to win the maximum jackpot is to play the maximum number of coins usually 3, sometimes 4, or even 5 coins per spin.

With video machines, the fixed payout values are multiplied by the number of coins per line that is being bet. As an example, on the Wheel of Fortune reel machine based on the popular Wheel of Fortune TV game show created by Merv Griffin , the player must play 3 coins per spin to be eligible to trigger the bonus round and possibly win the jackpot. On the Wheel of Fortune video machine, the chances of triggering the bonus round or winning the maximum jackpot are exactly the same regardless of the number of coins bet on each line.

Large denomination slot machines are usually cordoned off from the rest of the casino into a "High Limit" area, often with a separate team of attendants to cater to the needs of those who play there. In the last few years, new multi-denomination slot machines have been introduced. With these slot machines, the player can choose the value of each credit wagered the stake from a list of options.

Based upon the player's selection, the slot machine automatically calculates the number of credits the player receives in exchange for the cash inserted and displays the number of available credits to the player. Bonus is a special feature of the particular game theme, which is activated when certain symbols appear in a winning combination. Bonuses vary depending upon the game. In other bonus rounds, the player is presented with several items on a screen from which to choose.

As the player chooses items, a number of credits is revealed and awarded. Some bonuses use a mechanical device, such as a spinning wheel, that works in conjunction with the bonus to display the amount won. Some machines feature two or more of these bonus styles as part of the same game.

Candle is a light on top of the slot machine. It flashes to alert the operator that change is needed, hand pay is requested or a potential problem with the machine. It can be lit by the player by pressing the "service" or "help" button.

Coin hopper is a container where the coins that are immediately available for payouts are held. When a certain preset coin capacity is reached, a coin diverter automatically redirects, or "drops," excess coins into a "drop bucket" or "drop box.

Credit meter is a visual LED display of the amount of money or number of credits on the machine. On video reel machines this is either a simulated LED display, or represented in a different font altogether, based on the design of the game graphics.

Drop bucket or drop box is a container located in a slot machine's base where excess coins are diverted from the hopper. Typically, a drop bucket is used for low denomination slot machines and a drop box is used for high denomination slot machines.

A drop box contains a hinged lid with one or more locks whereas a drop bucket does not contain a lid. The contents of drop buckets and drop boxes are collected and counted by the casino on a scheduled basis. Free Spin Free Spin is a term used in video slot games and online slot games to specify that the spin will be completed without a charge or on the same wager.

Free spins can get triggered by a number of things, each game use a different method. Usually, landing a number of special symbols on reels is required to activate the free spins bonus round. Mostly scatter symbols are preferred for this activation, although wild symbols or a completely different symbol dedicated for this feature can be used too. In most slot games, landing at least three special symbols on reels is mandatory to trigger the feature. Once triggered, free spins bonus round award a number of spins free of charge to the player.

The number of free spins differ from game to game, and can be 5 or The spins are automatically used by the game and the player keeps any profit after the spins are complete.

Hand pay refers to a payout made by an attendant or at an exchange point "cage" , rather than by the slot machine itself. A hand pay occurs when the amount of the payout exceeds the maximum amount that was preset by the slot machine's operator. Usually, the maximum amount is set at the level where the operator must begin to deduct taxes.

A hand pay could also be necessary as a result of a short pay. Hopper fill slip is a document used to record the replenishment of the coin in the coin hopper after it becomes depleted as a result of making payouts to players. The slip indicates the amount of coin placed into the hoppers, as well as the signatures of the employees involved in the transaction, the slot machine number and the location and the date. MEAL book M achine e ntry a uthorization l og is a log of the employee's entries into the machine.

Low Level or Slant Top slot machines include a stool so the player has sitdown access. Stand Up or Upright slot machines are played while standing. Optimal play is a payback percentage based on a gambler using the optimal strategy in a skill-based slot machine game. Payline is a line that crosses through one symbol on each reel, along which a winning combination is evaluated.

Classic spinning reel machines usually have up to nine paylines, while video slot machines may have as many as one hundred. Paylines could be of various shapes horizontal, vertical, oblique, triangular, zigzag, etc. Rollup is the process of dramatizing a win by playing sounds while the meters count up to the amount that has been won.

Short pay refers to a partial payout made by a slot machine, which is less than the amount due to the player. This occurs if the coin hopper has been depleted as a result of making earlier payouts to players. The remaining amount due to the player is either paid as a hand pay or an attendant will come and refill the machine.

Scatter Symbol It is required to place at least two of the same symbols on a pay line to get paid in slot games. However, scatter symbols work differently and award a prize whether they are placed on a pay line or not. But the player still needs to get at least two of them in modern slot games.

The more, the better. Scatter symbols are usually used to award a number of free spins. The number of free spins differs from game to game; i. They can also award coin prizes, based on their number. The prizes are usually small, but they are paid in addition to other winnings.

Scatter symbol is a special symbol, which means the wild symbol cannot replace it. Slot variance is a measure of risk associated with playing a slot machine. A low variance slot machine has regular but smaller wins and a high variance slot machine has fewer but bigger wins. Taste is a reference to the small amount often paid out to keep a player seated and continuously betting. Only rarely will machines fail to pay out even the minimum placed a bet over the course of several pulls.

Tilt Electromechanical slot machines usually include an electromechanical " tilt switch ", which makes or breaks a circuit if the machine is tilted or otherwise tampered with, and so triggers an alarm. While modern machines no longer have tilt switches, any kind of technical fault door switch in the wrong state, reel motor failure, out of paper, etc. Theoretical Hold Worksheet A document provided by the manufacturer for all slot machines, which indicates the theoretical percentage that the slot machine should hold based on the amount paid in.

The worksheet also indicates the reel strip settings, number of coins that may be played, the payout schedule, the number of reels and other information descriptive of the particular type of slot machine.

Weight count is an American term, referring to the dollar amount of coins or tokens removed from a slot machine's drop bucket or drop box and counted by the casino's hard count team through the use of a weigh scale.

Wild Symbol Wild symbols act like joker cards in a slot game. Basically, they substitute for all other symbols in the game, usually except for other special symbols, such as scatter and jackpot. They can appear on any of the reels. However, this is not mandatory and can be changed from game to game.

In some games, wild symbols can appear only on certain reels. Or, they can appear only during the bonus rounds. The player must refer to the rules and paytable of the game to learn about the landing rules. Mobile is when the slot machine is hosted for online gambling and it is usually available for use on a phone, tablet, or other portable device. These are often standalone mobile casino applications but are also found as part of the online casino site.

Each machine has a table that lists the number of credits the player will receive if the symbols listed on the pay table line up on the pay line of the machine. Some symbols are wild and can represent many, or all, of the other symbols to complete a winning line. Especially on older machines, the pay table is listed on the face of the machine, usually above and below the area containing the wheels.

Most video machines display the pay table when the player presses a "pay table" button or touches "pay table" on the screen; some have the pay table listed on the cabinet as well.

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